N-tert-Butoxy-1-aminopyrenyl Radicals. Isolation, Electronic Structure, and Magnetic Characterization.
ABSTRACT N-tert-Butoxy-2,7-di-tert-butyl-1-pyrenylaminyl (4), N-tert-butoxy-2-tert-butyl-1-pyrenylaminyl (5), and N-tert-butoxy-7-tert-butyl-1-pyrenylaminyl (6) free radicals were generated by the reaction of the lithium amides of the corresponding 1-aminopyrenes with tert-butyl peroxybenzoate in THF at -78 degrees C. Although 6 could not be isolated due to the gradual decomposition in solution, 4 and 5 were quite persistent and could be isolated as monomeric radical crystals. The X-ray crystallographic analyses for the isolated free radicals were successfully carried out, indicating that the N and O atoms are almost coplanar with the pyrene ring. The ESR spectra of 4 and 5 were very complex due to the presence of many magnetically unequivalent protons. Therefore, the proton hyperfine coupling (hfc) constants were determined by (1)H ENDOR/TRIPLE resonance spectroscopy. To assign the hfc constants for the pyrene ring protons, a partially deuterated radical, 4-d(4), was prepared and the ENDOR and ESR spectra were measured. To discuss the spin density distribution for 4 and 5 ab initio molecular orbital calculations were performed by the DFT UBecke 3LYP method, using the STO 6-31G basis set. Magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out for 4 and 5 with a SQUID magnetometer. For 4 a weak antiferromagnetic interaction was observed, and for 5 a very strong antiferromagnetic interaction was observed. The antiferromagnetic interactions were explained by their crystal structures.
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ABSTRACT: Many kinds of radicals are stable enough to isolate, handle, and store without any special precautions. The diversity in molecular architectures of these stable radicals is sufficiently large that the common factors governing radical stability/persistence, geometric and electronic structure, association/dimerization preferences, and reactivity have generally not been well articulated or appreciated. This review provides a survey of the major classes of stable or persistent organic/organomain group radicals with a view to presenting a unified description of the interdependencies between radical molecular structure and properties.Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 06/2007; 5(9):1321-38. · 3.57 Impact Factor