Article

W/W-v marrow stromal cells engraft and enhance early erythropoietic progenitors in unconditioned Sl/Sl(d) murine recipients

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Bone Marrow Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.47). 01/2003; 30(12):867-72. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bmt.1703761
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transplantation of marrow stromal cells may provide a means of modulating hematopoiesis and serve as a form of cell therapy. We employed a murine transplant model using Sl/Sl(d) mice, which have macrocytic anemia due to defective expression of stem cell factor (SCF) on bone marrow stromal cells. Donor cells were derived from the complementary mutant strain W/W(v), which also exhibit anemia, due to mutations in c-kit, the SCF receptor expressed on hematopoietic stem cells. The strength of this model is that any correction of the Sl/Sl(d) anemia from the infusion of W/W(v) stromal cells can be attributed to the effect of the stromal cells and not to contaminating W/W(v) hematopoietic stem cells, a major concern in experiments involving wild-type animals. Cultured stromal cells were infused into unconditioned non-splenectomized Sl/Sl(d) mice. Engraftment of donor stromal cells reached levels of up to 1.0% of total marrow cells 4 months post transplant. However, stromal engraftment was not detectable in the spleen. Recipients of W/W(v) stroma showed a significant increase in the committed erythroid progenitors compared with those receiving Sl/Sl(d) stromal cells: 109 +/- 26 vs 68 +/- 5 CFU-E per 10(5) BMC, P = 0.002; 25 +/- 10 vs 15 +/- 5 BFU-E per 10(5) BMC, P = 0.037, for W/W(v) and Sl/Sl(d) stroma recipients, respectively. Despite this increase in erythroid progenitors, the anemia was not corrected. Our data suggest that in this murine model, splenic erythropoiesis may influence stromal cell therapy, and that higher levels of marrow engraftment may be necessary to obtain a clinically significant effect.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Simon Bubnic, Feb 13, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
83 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies were carried out to evaluate the impact of a high-fat dietary regimen on aortic wall thickness, peripheral blood leukocyte profile, and plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the mast cell-deficient Sl/Sl(d) mouse. The results demonstrated that the mean aortic wall thickness of Sl/Sl(d) mice was significantly higher than their normal littermates, and were increased in both genotypes after a 17-day high-fat regimen. In comparison with normal littermates, Sl/Sl(d) genotypes had elevated levels of plasma triglycerides with normal levels of plasma cholesterol, and the high-fat diet markedly lowered the triglyceride levels. Total peripheral blood leukocytes, the monocyte and granulocyte counts, and hemoglobin levels were significantly lower in Sl/Sl(d) mice, although the number of lymphocytes, eosinophils and basophils were the same in both genotypes. Interestingly, the high-fat diet regimen elevated leukocyte counts and the number of monocytes and granulocytes in Sl/Sl(d) mice.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2005; 13(5-6):335-41. DOI:10.1080/09629350400008794 · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is the number-one cause of mortality in the developed world. The aim of this study is to define the mechanisms by which bone marrow progenitor cells are mobilized in response to cardiac ischemic injury. We used a closed-chest model of murine cardiac infarction/reperfusion, which segregated the surgical thoracotomy from the induction of cardiac infarction, so that we could study isolated fluctuations in cytokines without the confounding impact of surgery. We show here that bone marrow activation of the c-kit tyrosine kinase receptor in response to released soluble KitL is necessary for bone marrow progenitor cell mobilization after ischemic cardiac injury. We also show that release of KitL and c-kit activation require the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 within the bone marrow compartment. Finally, we demonstrate that mice with c-kit dysfunction develop cardiac failure after myocardial infarction and that bone marrow transplantation rescues the failing cardiac phenotype. In light of the ongoing trials of progenitor cell therapy for heart disease, our study outlines the endogenous repair mechanisms that are invoked after cardiac injury. Amplification of this pathway may aid in restoration of cardiac function after myocardial infarction.
    The FASEB Journal 04/2008; 22(3):930-40. DOI:10.1096/fj.07-8636com · 5.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may be beneficial in treating heart disease, their ability to transdifferentiate into functional cardiomyocytes remains unclear. Here, bone marrow-derived MSCs from adult female transgenic mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the cardiac-specific alpha-myosin heavy chain promoter were cocultured with male rat embryonic cardiomyocytes (rCMs) for 5-15 days. After 5 days in coculture, 6.3% of MSCs became GFP(+) and stained positively for the sarcomeric proteins troponin I and alpha-actinin. The mRNA expression for selected cardiac-specific genes (atrial natriuretic factor, Nkx2.5, and alpha-cardiac actin) in MSCs peaked after 5 days in coculture and declined thereafter. Despite clear evidence for the expression of cardiac genes, GFP(+) MSCs did not generate action potentials or display ionic currents typical of cardiomyocytes, suggesting retention of a stromal cell phenotype. Detailed immunophenotyping of GFP(+) MSCs demonstrated expression of all antigens used to characterize MSCs, as well as the acquisition of additional markers of cardiomyocytes with the phenotype CD45(-)-CD34(+)-CD73(+)-CD105(+)-CD90(+)-CD44(+)-SDF1(+)-CD134L(+)-collagen type IV(+)-vimentin(+)-troponin T(+)-troponin I(+)-alpha-actinin(+)-connexin 43(+). Although cell fusion between rCMs and MSCs was detectable, the very low frequency (0.7%) could not account for the phenotype of the GFP(+) MSCs. In conclusion, we have identified an MSC population displaying plasticity toward the cardiomyocyte lineage while retaining mesenchymal stromal cell properties, including a nonexcitable electrophysiological phenotype. The demonstration of an MSC population coexpressing cardiac and stromal cell markers may explain conflicting results in the literature and indicates the need to better understand the effects of MSCs on myocardial injury. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest is found at the end of this article.
    Stem Cells 09/2008; 26(11):2884-92. DOI:10.1634/stemcells.2008-0329 · 7.70 Impact Factor