Validation of the French version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
ABSTRACT To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the functional disability tool Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ), a variant of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).
The disability index is the mean of the scores on the eight domains of the CHAQ and can range from 0 (no disability) to 3 (maximum disability). The CHAQ was first translated into French and adapted, then validated in a multicenter cross-sectional study in 306 children with JIA (systemic onset, 23%; polyarticular onset, 22%; extended oligoarticular subtype, 25%; and persistent oligoarticular subtype, 30%).
Overall CHAQ scores discriminated between the four JIA subtypes (systemic: 1.1 +/- 0.9; polyarticular: 0.8 +/- 0.7, extended oligoarticular 0.8 +/- 0.7, and persistent oligoarticular: 0.4 +/- 0.5 [P < 0.0001]). Reproducibility evaluated by test-retest at a 7-day interval was excellent (intraclass coefficient, 0.91), as was agreement between the Parent's and Children's versions of the questionnaire (intraclass coefficient, 0.89). Significant correlations were found between the overall CHAO score and variables reflecting disease severity (joint counts, physician's and parent's global assessments, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate), indicating excellent convergent validity of the tool.
The French version of the CHAQ displays good psychometric characteristics, although its sensitivity to change remains to be established. The French version of the CHAO should prove useful in international studies and can be expected to be helpful for monitoring individual patients with JIA.
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ABSTRACT: There are few multidimensional measures of functional status in children, and none have been developed for children with juvenile arthritis (JA). This report describes an attempt to apply selected components of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS), which were developed and validated for adults, to a sample of children with active JA (n = 60) or inactive JA (n = 17). Our results suggest that the Pain scale and the Physical Activity scale are the most reliable measures for children with JA; the correlations of the Pain scale, Physical Activity scale, and Dexterity scale results with the clinical measures of JA diagnostic category and joint count support the convergent validity of these scales for the active JA group; and the AIMS revised Physical Disability dimension and the Pain dimension, used to predict the children's classification in the active or inactive JA group, evidence discriminant validity. Additional studies of children with a wider range of impairments are needed to further assess the usefulness of the AIMS for children with JA.Arthritis & Rheumatology 08/1987; 30(7):819-24. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. To examine the responsiveness of the disease activity measures more commonly used in juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) clinical trials. Methods. Data were obtained from an open-label, non-controlled, multicentre trial designed to investigate the eYcacy of methotrexate (MTX ) in children with JCA. Outcome measures, including physician and parent global assessments, functional ability measures, articular variables, and laboratory indicators of systemic inflammation, were assessed at baseline and after 6 months of MTX treatment in 132 patients. Responsiveness of endpoint variables was evaluated by assessing the eVect size ( ES ) and the standardized response median (SRM ). Results. Physician and parent global assessments were the more responsive instruments, showing ES and SRM above 1.0. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, functional status measures and articular variables showed intermediate responsiveness. Morning stiVness, haemoglobin and platelet count were the least responsive instruments. Conclusion. The results of our analysis indicate that subjective estimations of the disease activity, either by the physician or parents, are the most responsive instruments in the assessment of the therapeutic response in children with JCA. The responsiveness of outcome measures in JCA should be further investigated in prospective controlled studies.
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ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of disease on the functional outcome of patients with polyarticular juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), the relationship between impairments and functional limitations was studied. Therefore, variables from the impairment domain were correlated with variables of the functional limitation domain and outcome variables were analysed for differences as a result of inflammatory disease, rheumatoid factor (RF), disease duration and age at onset. Twenty-three patients with polyarticular JCA were subjected to auxologic evaluation, a laboratory check, radiographic evaluation, joint count on tenderness and swelling, joint mobility/deformity examination, functional assessment of skills, health assessment and psychosocial evaluation. Inflammatory disease parameters, like CRP, ESR, thrombocytosis and leucocytosis, were increased in 6/23 patients. The parameters of the impairment domain, like joint tenderness and swelling, showed mild outcome, while parameters of the functional limitation domain showed more severe outcome. Generally, perceived competence was found to be normal. A clinically relevant number of patients (10/13) showed low scores on the activity factor of the Child Behaviour Check List (CBCL). A significant relationship was found between inflammatory disease variables and functional limitation outcome. RF seropositivity was not a good outcome predictor. Disease duration and age of onset showed no significant difference in the outcome of the domains. Significant correlation was found between the parental report of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and all impairment parameters. Joint swelling showed a significant relationship with CHAQ and Juvenile Arthritis Functional Assessment Report (JAFAR). Disability outcome did not correlate with functional limitation. In general, children with polyarticular JCA function rather well when using a multidomain evaluation approach. Compensatory and adaptational mechanisms might contribute to the poor correlation between impairment and functional limitation parameters. Laboratory evaluation of inflammatory disease, a joint count of swollen joints and parent's report of the child's health status related best in our study.British journal of rheumatology 02/1996; 35(1):91-100.