Validation of the French version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
ABSTRACT To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the functional disability tool Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ), a variant of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).
The disability index is the mean of the scores on the eight domains of the CHAQ and can range from 0 (no disability) to 3 (maximum disability). The CHAQ was first translated into French and adapted, then validated in a multicenter cross-sectional study in 306 children with JIA (systemic onset, 23%; polyarticular onset, 22%; extended oligoarticular subtype, 25%; and persistent oligoarticular subtype, 30%).
Overall CHAQ scores discriminated between the four JIA subtypes (systemic: 1.1 +/- 0.9; polyarticular: 0.8 +/- 0.7, extended oligoarticular 0.8 +/- 0.7, and persistent oligoarticular: 0.4 +/- 0.5 [P < 0.0001]). Reproducibility evaluated by test-retest at a 7-day interval was excellent (intraclass coefficient, 0.91), as was agreement between the Parent's and Children's versions of the questionnaire (intraclass coefficient, 0.89). Significant correlations were found between the overall CHAO score and variables reflecting disease severity (joint counts, physician's and parent's global assessments, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate), indicating excellent convergent validity of the tool.
The French version of the CHAQ displays good psychometric characteristics, although its sensitivity to change remains to be established. The French version of the CHAO should prove useful in international studies and can be expected to be helpful for monitoring individual patients with JIA.
Conference Paper: A new trench bipolar junction diode (TBJD)[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper, a new power diode structure called the trench bipolar junction diode (TBJD) is proposed. For the first time, the feasibility of controlling the anode injection efficiency of a diode by the action of an integrated reverse active transistor is demonstrated. The base of the reverse active transistor is shielded by a deep p<sup>+ </sup> trench region in the TBJD to achieve superior dynamic characteristics compared to the conventional p-i-n diode structure. Both simulation and experimental results are provided to illustrate this novel structurePower Semiconductor Devices and ICs, 1999. ISPSD '99. Proceedings., The 11th International Symposium on; 02/1999
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ABSTRACT: To determine whether the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is valid for the comparison of different age subgroups and for longitudinal studies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). A CHAQ was administered to 306 children with JIA. Rasch analyses were used to compare the difficulty of each of the 30 items of the questionnaire for children of 2 age groups (> or =10 years old and <10 years old). Independent of the physical disability level assessed by the Rasch model, 8 of the 30 items (27%) of the CHAQ were rated significantly different in the 2 age groups. Despite this age-related variation in item difficulty, the impact on the CHAQ disability index using its original scoring system remained low (about 0.25 points on a scale of 0-3). The difficulty of 8 of 30 items of the CHAQ depends on the respondent's age. Nevertheless, the design of the CHAQ and its scoring system remove most of the expected physical development bias.Arthritis & Rheumatology 08/2004; 51(4):519-26. DOI:10.1002/art.20529 · 7.87 Impact Factor