Observation of coherent sheared turbulence flows in the DIII-D Tokamak.
ABSTRACT Time-resolved measurements of the turbulent density flow field in a tokamak plasma reveal low-frequency ( approximately 15 KHz), coherent oscillations in the poloidal flow, v(theta). These flow oscillations have a long poloidal wavelength (m<3) and narrow radial extent (k(r)rho(i) approximately 0.2). The estimated flow-shearing rate is of the same order of magnitude as the turbulence decorrelation rate and may thus regulate the turbulence amplitude. These features are consistent with theoretically predicted axisymmetric, self-regulating, sheared flows recognized as geodesic acoustic modes.
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ABSTRACT: A new time-delay estimation (TDE) technique based on dynamic programming is developed to measure the time-varying time-delay between two signals. The dynamic programming based TDE technique provides a frequency response five to ten times better than previously known TDE techniques, namely, those based on time-lag cross-correlation or wavelet analysis. Effects of frequency spectrum, signal-to-noise ratio, and amplitude of time-delay on response of the TDE technique (represented as transfer function) are studied using simulated data signals. The transfer function for the technique decreases with increase in noise in signal; however it is independent of signal spectrum shape. The dynamic programming based TDE technique is applied to the beam emission spectroscopy diagnostic data to measure poloidal velocity fluctuations, which led to the observation of theoretically predicted zonal flows in high-temperature tokamak plasmas.The Review of scientific instruments 01/2010; 81(1):013501. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Doppler backscattering (DBS) has been successfully used to measure the E x B flow velocity and local intermediate wavenumber density fluctuation levels in the DIII-D tokamak. Depending on the launch angle and the frequency of the probing beam, the signal backscattered from the plasma cut-off layer is sensitive to density fluctuations at a specific perpendicular wavenumber (1 < or = k(perpendicular rho(s)) < or = 4). Due to the localization and high time resolution for poloidal flow measurements, DBS is well suited to detect stationary and time-dependent shear flows [zonal flows (ZFs)]. We present a novel scheme to measure ZF spectra using a dual-channel DBS system capable of simultaneously probing two minor radii separated by a distance of 0.2 cm < Delta r < 3 cm. Frequency spectra of geodesic acoustic modes and low frequency ZFs (f or = 10 kHz) have been obtained for 0.6 < r/a < 0.95.The Review of scientific instruments 11/2008; 79(10):10F113. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents the first application of the autocorrelation-width technique (Bencze A and Zoletnik S 2005 Phys. Plasmas 12 052323) to detect and characterize the microturbulence-zonal flow system using fluctuating signals ( , ) measured by arrays of single-tip Langmuir probes in the CASTOR tokamak. Radially localized (≈1 cm) random flow structures have been clearly observed with a lifetime of ≈1 ms and a long-range poloidal correlation, extending over at least one-fourth of the poloidal circumference.Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 03/2006; 48(4):S137. · 2.37 Impact Factor