Rigid analogues of buspirone and gepirone, 5-HT1A receptors partial agonists.
ABSTRACT Rigid analogues of buspirone and gepirone, 5-HT1A receptors partial agonists, were obtained. The compounds exhibited very low affinity to the receptors. Their structural features resembled to a large extent the arrangement of the respective structural elements found in the solid state of buspirone and in the theoretical structure of NAN-190 (5-HT1A postsynaptic antagonist) rigid analogue exhibiting high affinity to the receptor. The obtained results would thus suggest that the bioactive conformation of buspirone might not be the extended one. That would additionally suggest that either both groups of compounds could occupy different areas at the receptor binding sites (or bind to different receptor states) or the constrained structure of 2 does not represent well 5-HT1A receptor binding site requirements.
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ABSTRACT: Novel, flexible arylpiperazine gepirone analogs (1a-3a) with a mixed 5-HT1A/5-HT2A receptor profile, low D2 receptor affinity, and agonistic (2a) or partial agonistic (1a, 3a) activity toward 5-HT1A receptor sites were synthesized. Their conformationally restricted counterparts (1b-3b) were selective 5-HT1A ligands (over 5-HT2A and D2 receptors), which turned out to be agonists (2b, 3b), or partial agonist (1b) of 5-HT1A receptors.Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 03/2005; 13(4):1195-200. · 2.90 Impact Factor