Article

Differential regulation by glucocorticoid of interleukin-13-induced eosinophilia, hyperresponsiveness, and goblet cell hyperplasia in mouse airways.

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (Impact Factor: 11.04). 02/2003; 167(1):50-6. DOI: 10.1164/rccm.2110084
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Interleukin (IL)-13 induces important features of bronchial asthma such as eosinophilic infiltration, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and mucus hypersecretion. Although glucocorticoids suppress airway inflammation and remain the most effective therapy for asthma, the effects of glucocorticoids on the IL-13-dependent features are unknown. We studied the effects of dexamethasone on eotaxin production, eosinophil accumulation, goblet cell hyperplasia, and AHR after IL-13 administration into the airways of mice in vivo. MUC5AC gene expression, a marker of goblet cell hyperplasia, was also analyzed. IL-13 alone dose dependently induced AHR. Treatment with dexamethasone inhibited eotaxin expression and completely abolished eosinophil accumulation, but it did not affect AHR, MUC5AC overexpression, or goblet cell hyperplasia induced by IL-13. The effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha on IL-13-induced AHR were also examined. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha did not affect AHR despite marked enhancement of eosinophil infiltration in IL-13-treated mice. These findings suggest that glucocorticoid is not sufficient to suppress IL-13-induced AHR or goblet cell hyperplasia and that eotaxin expression and eosinophilic inflammation do not have a causal relationship to the induction of AHR or goblet cell hyperplasia by IL-13. Control of steroid-resistant features induced by IL-13, including AHR and mucus production, may provide new therapeutic modalities for asthma.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
152 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIM OF THE STUDY: Taraxasterol was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale which has been frequently used as a remedy for inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we determined the in vivo protective effect of taraxasterol on allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA, and were orally treated daily with taraxasterol at 2.5, 5 and 10mg/kg from day 23 to 27 after sensitization. The number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was determined. Th2 cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5), interleukin-13 (IL-13) production in BALF and OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) production in sera were measured using ELISA. Histological changes in lung tissues were examined using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and periodic acid-Schiff staining (PAS). Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to inhaled methacholine was assessed. RESULTS: Taraxasterol dramatically decreased the total inflammatory cell and main inflammatory cell counts, reduced the production of Th2 cytokine IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 in BALF and OVA-specific IgE in sera, and suppressed AHR in a dose-dependent manner. Histological studies demonstrated that taraxasterol substantially suppressed OVA-induced inflammatory cells infiltration into lung tissues and goblet cell hyperplasia in airways. CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests that taraxasterol protects against OVA-induced allergic asthma in mice.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 05/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Goblet cell hyperplasia (GCH) and decreased ciliated cells are characteristic of asthma. We examined the effects of IL-13 (2 and 20 ng/mL) on in vitro mucociliary differentiation in pediatric bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) of normal PBEC [PBEC(N)] and asthmatic PBEC [PBEC(A)] children. Markers of differentiation, real-time PCR for MUC5AC, MUC5AC ELISA, and transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) were assessed. Stimulation with 20 ng/mL IL-13 in PBEC(N) resulted in GCH [20 ng/mL IL-13: mean, 33.8% (SD, 7.2) versus unstimulated: mean, 18.9% (SD, 5.0); p < 0.0001] and decreased ciliated cell number [20 ng/mL IL-13: mean, 8% (SD, 5.6) versus unstimulated: mean, 22.7% (SD,7.6); p < 0.01]. PBEC(N) stimulated with 20 ng/mL IL-13 resulted in >5-fold (SD, 3.2) increase in MUC5AC mRNA expression, p < 0.001, compared with unstimulated PBEC(N). In PBEC(A), GCH was also seen [20 ng/mL IL-13: mean, 44.7% (SD, 16.4) versus unstimulated: mean, 30.4% (SD, 13.9); p < 0.05] with a decreased ciliated cell number [20 ng/mL IL-13: mean, 8.8% (SD, 7.5) versus unstimulated: mean, 16.3% (SD, 4.2); p < 0.001]. We also observed an increase in MUC5AC mRNA expression with 20 ng/mL IL-13 in PBEC(A), p < 0.05. IL-13 drives PBEC(N) toward an asthmatic phenotype and worsens the phenotype in PBEC(A) with reduced ciliated cell numbers and increased goblet cells.
    Pediatric Research 11/2010; 69(2):95-100. · 2.67 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bronchiolar Clara cells play a critical role in lung homoeostasis. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic allergy on these cells and the efficacy of budesonide (BUD) and montelukast (MK) in restoring their typical phenotypes after ovalbumin-induced chronic allergy in mice. Chronic allergy induced extensive bronchiolar Alcian blue-periodic acid-Schiff (AB/PAS)-positive metaplasia. In addition, cells accumulated numerous big electron-lucent granules negative for Clara cell main secretory protein (CC16), and consequently, CC16 was significantly reduced in bronchoalveolar lavage. A concomitant reduction in SP-D and CYP2E1 content was observed. The phenotypic changes induced by allergy were pharmacologically reversed by both treatments; MK was more efficient than BUD in doing so. MK decreased AB/PAS reactivity to control levels whereas they remained persistently elevated after BUD. Moreover, most non-ciliated cells recovered their normal morphology after MK, whereas for BUD normal cells coexisted with 'transitional' cells that contained remnant mucous granules and stained strongly for CC16 and SP-D. Glucocorticoids were also less able to reduce inflammatory infiltration and maintained higher percentage of neutrophils, which may have contributed to prolonged mucin expression. These results show that chronic allergy-induced mucous metaplasia of Clara cells affects their defensive mechanisms. However, anti-inflammatory treatments were able to re-establish the normal phenotype of Clara cell, with MK being more efficient at restoring a normal profile than BUD. This study highlights the role of epithelial cells in lung injuries and their contribution to anti-inflammatory therapies.
    International Journal of Experimental Pathology 09/2013; · 2.04 Impact Factor