Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and allocation of donor livers.
ABSTRACT A consensus has been reached that liver donor allocation should be based primarily on liver disease severity and that waiting time should not be a major determining factor. Our aim was to assess the capability of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score to correctly rank potential liver recipients according to their severity of liver disease and mortality risk on the OPTN liver waiting list.
The MELD model predicts liver disease severity based on serum creatinine, serum total bilirubin, and INR and has been shown to be useful in predicting mortality in patients with compensated and decompensated cirrhosis. In this study, we prospectively applied the MELD score to estimate 3-month mortality to 3437 adult liver transplant candidates with chronic liver disease who were added to the OPTN waiting list at 2A or 2B status between November, 1999, and December, 2001.
In this study cohort with chronic liver disease, 412 (12%) died during the 3-month follow-up period. Waiting list mortality increased directly in proportion to the listing MELD score. Patients having a MELD score <9 experienced a 1.9% mortality, whereas patients having a MELD score > or =40 had a mortality rate of 71.3%. Using the c-statistic with 3-month mortality as the end point, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the MELD score was 0.83 compared with 0.76 for the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score (P < 0.001).
These data suggest that the MELD score is able to accurately predict 3-month mortality among patients with chronic liver disease on the liver waiting list and can be applied for allocation of donor livers.
SourceAvailable from: Themistoklis Vassiliadis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DeCi) should be treated with potent nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA)[entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir (TDF)]. The aim was the evaluation of safety and efficacy in terms of changes in liver disease course in HBV-DeCi patients treated with ETV or TDF. In 52 HBV-DeCi patients clinical and laboratory data, including glomerular filtration rates (GFR), were recorded. The changes in MELD (DMELD) and Child-Pugh (DCTP) scores between baseline and after 6 months of treatment were evaluated. The independent factors associated with survival were evaluated. 31 patients under TDF and 21 under ETV were evaluated. During a median follow-up of 22.5 months (range: 6-68), there were no differences between the two groups in GFR and serum phosphate levels. At the end of follow up, in the TDF group, 2 patients died and 3 received liver transplantations (LT), while in the ETV group, 1 patient died and 3 received LT. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, DMELD was independently associated with the outcome in the total cohort (HR: 1.78, 95%C.I.:1.12-2.79, P=0.013) as well as in the subgroup of naïve (n=37) patients (HR: 1.8, 95%C.I.:1.19-4.5, P=0.03). Finally, in the non-hepatocellular carcinoma patients, the DCTP score was independently associated with the outcome in the total cohort (HR: 2.64, 95%C.I.: 1.21-7.29, P=0.015). TDF and ETV appear to have similar renal safety profile in HBV-DeCi patients. DMELD score in the total cohort and DCTP score in non-HCC patients were independently associated with the outcome; these findings need confirmation in larger studies.
Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana 12/2014; 2014(44):284-287.
Queueing Systems 01/2014; 79(1):87-115. DOI:10.1007/s11134-014-9417-7 · 0.60 Impact Factor