Expression of the leukotriene D4 receptor CysLT1, COX-2, and other cell survival factors in colorectal adenocarcinomas.
ABSTRACT The effects of leukotriene (LT) D(4) on intestinal epithelial cells govern events that are involved in cell survival and colon cancer, notably increased expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and enhanced production of prostaglandin E(2). We investigated possible correlations between distribution of the recently described LTD(4) receptor CysLT(1)R and factors previously shown to be up-regulated by LTD(4) as well as clinicopathologic traits.
Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization were performed on tissue arrays, which were made using colorectal cancer samples from 84 patients.
CysLT(1)R was significantly correlated to COX-2, 5-lipoxygenase, and Bcl-x(L). Male subjects more often exhibited high levels of this receptor relative to female subjects, and Dukes' B patients with elevated CysLT(1)R expression showed markedly poorer survival than those with low-level expression. Furthermore, this was paralleled by an increased viability of CysLT(1)R-overexpressing cells in a colon cancer cell line.
Our results further implicate the involvement of LTs in colorectal carcinoma. Based on our present and earlier findings, we propose that LT/CysLT(1)R signaling facilitates survival of colon cancer cells, which may affect disease outcome. Like COX-2, LTs are accessible targets for pharmacologic treatment.
Article: Correlative study of microvessel density and 5-lipoxygenase expression in human sporadic colorectal cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) is an arachidonic acid- metabolizing enzyme, which has been demonstrated to exert a role in colorectal cancer tumorigenesis. Its activity in promoting neoangiogenesis in colorectal malignancies has been also recently theorized on the basis of in vitro studies. To investigate whether any correlation existed between 5-LO immunoexpression amount and the quantity of neoangiogenesis, as reflected by microvessel density (MVD) in human sporadic surgically resected colorectal adenocarcinomas. A total of 45 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded colorectal adenocarcinomas were submitted to the immunohistochemical procedures for 5-LO and CD105, which represent specific markers for neoangiogenesis and which were used in the assessment of MVD. CD105-positive, intratumoral, newly formed vessels were present in 45 of 45 cases with variable MVD values. A 5-LO-positive immunohistochemical reaction was also found in 45 of 45 cases. A significantly higher MVD was evident in cases displaying a high 5-LO amount in comparison with those characterized by a low 5-LO expression (28.33 vs 19.44 vessels per mm(2); P = .02). In addition, a positive significant correlation emerged between 5-LO immunoexpression amount and the MVD counts (r = 0.2986, P = .04). Our study demonstrates the existence of a relationship between 5-LO expression and the neoangiogenesis process as reflected by intratumoral MVD in human sporadic colorectal adenocarcinomas, thus suggesting that 5-LO may modulate the formation of blood vessels in these neoplasias.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 12/2008; 132(11):1807-12. · 2.58 Impact Factor
Article: Overexpression of 5-lipoxygenase in sporadic colonic adenomas and a possible new aspect of colon carcinogenesis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We aimed to study the intracellular expression of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), the primary competitor with cyclooxygenase-2 in arachidonic acid metabolism, as inflammatory enzymes may be involved in blocking apoptosis and promoting cancer growth by changing arachidonic acid metabolism within cells. Our purpose was to investigate the possible connection between 5-LOX expression and colon carcinogenesis by characterizing 5-LOX expression in histologically different colonic adenomas, determining the relationship between high expression of 5-LOX and various conventional clinicopathological features of adenomas, and finally characterizing the histological localization of cells with 5-LOX overexpression. A total of 111 patients were examined and 120 histologically different colonic adenomas analyzed (including four cases of intramucosal adenocarcinoma in a polyp). Immunohistochemical staining with polyclonal anti-5-LOX antibodies was performed. There was a significant correlation between high 5-LOX expression and patient age, increased polyp size, high grade of intraepithelial neoplasia, villous and tubulovillous adenoma, and histological epithelial localization. We observed a strong positive correlation between 5-LOX overexpression and the appearance of typical high-risk factors for malignant transformation in adenomatous polyps. The results support the role of 5-LOX in early stages of colon carcinogenesis.International Journal of Colorectal Disease 09/2010; 25(9):1079-85. · 2.38 Impact Factor
Article: An inhibitor of arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase, Nordy, induces differentiation and inhibits self-renewal of glioma stem-like cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent progress in cancer biology indicates that eradication of cancer stem cells (CSCs) is essential for more effective cancer therapy. Unfortunately, cancer stem cells such as glioma stem-like cells (GSLCs) are often resistant to either radio- or chemotherapy. Therefore, screening and development for novel therapeutic modalities against CSCs has been an important emerging field in cancer research. In this study, we report that a synthetic dl-nordihydroguaiaretic acid compound (dl-NDGA or "Nordy"), inhibited self-renewal and induced differentiation of GSLCs in vitro and in vivo. We found that Nordy inhibited an enzyme known to be involved in leukemia stem cell and leukemia progression, Alox-5, and attenuated the growth of GSLCs in vitro. Nordy reduced the GSLC pool through a decrease in the CD133(+) population and abrogated clonogenicity. Nordy appeared to exert its effect via astrocytic differentiation by up-regulation of GFAP and down-regulation of stemness related genes, rather than by inducing apoptosis of GSLCs. The growth inhibition of xenografted glioma by Nordy was more long-lasting compared with that of the akylating agent BCNU, which exhibited significant relapse on drug discontinuation resulting from an enrichment of GSLCs. Meanwhile, transient exposure to Nordy reduced tumorigenecity of GSLCs and induced differentiation of the xenografts. Taken together, we have identified Alox-5 as a novel target in GSLCs and its inhibition with Nordy exhibits therapeutic implications through inducing GSLC differentiation.Stem cell reviews 06/2011; 7(2):458-70. · 5.08 Impact Factor