Naf1 p is a box H/ACA snoRNP assembly factor.
ABSTRACT Box H/ACA small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particles (snoRNPs) contain four essential proteins, Cbf5p, Gar1p, Nhp2p, and Nop10p, each of which, with the exception of Gar1p, is required for box H/ACA snoRNA accumulation. Database searches identified a novel essential protein, which we termed Naf1p, with a region of homology to the RNA-binding domain of Gar1p and other features in common with hnRNP-like proteins. Naf1p is localized to the nucleus and is not a stable component of the H/ACA snoRNPs, but it is required for the accumulation of all box H/ACA snoRNAs. This requirement is not at the level of snoRNA transcription initiation or termination. Naf1 p shows in vitro RNA-binding activity and also binds directly to Cbf5p and Nhp2p. Naf1p was shown to bind to the CTD in vivo in a two-hybrid assay, and the phosphorylated CTD, but not the nonphosphorylated CTD, was shown to precipitate tagged Naf1p from a cell lysate. We propose that Naf1 p is recruited to the CTD of RNA polymerase II and binds to nascent box H/ACA snoRNAs promoting snoRNP assembly.
SourceAvailable from: Walid A Houry[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pih1 is an unstable protein and a subunit of the R2TP complex that, in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, also contains the helicases Rvb1, Rvb2, and the Hsp90 cofactor Tah1. Pih1 and the R2TP complex are required for the box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) assembly and ribosomal RNA processing. Purified Pih1 tends to aggregate in vitro. Molecular chaperone Hsp90 and its cochaperone Tah1 are required for the stability of Pih1 in vivo. We had shown earlier that the C-terminus of Pih1 destabilizes the protein and that the C-terminus of Tah1 binds to the Pih1 C-terminus to form a stable complex. Here, we analyzed the secondary structure of the Pih1 C-terminus and identified two intrinsically disordered regions and five hydrophobic clusters. Site directed mutagenesis indicated that one predicted intrinsically disordered region IDR2 is involved in Tah1 binding, and that the C-terminus of Pih1 contains multiple destabilization or degron elements. Additionally, the Pih1 N-terminal domain, Pih1(1-230), was found to be able to complement the physiological role of full length Pih1 at 37C. Pih1(1-230) as well as a shorter Pih1 N-terminal fragment Pih1(1-195) is able to bind Rvb1/Rvb2 heterocomplex. However, the sequence between the two disordered regions in Pih1 significantly enhances the Pih1 N-terminal domain binding to Rvb1/Rvb2. Based on these data, a model of protein-protein interactions within the R2TP complex is proposed.Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2012; DOI:10.1074/jbc.M112.408849 · 4.60 Impact Factor
Article: Human dyskerin: beyond telomeres[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Human dyskerin is an evolutively conserved protein that participates in diverse nuclear complexes: the H/ACA snoRNPs, that control ribosome biogenesis, RNA pseudouridylation, and stability of H/ACA snoRNAs; the scaRNPs, that control pseudouridylation of snRNAs; and the telomerase active holoenzyme, that safeguards telomere integrity. The biological importance of dyskerin is further outlined by the fact that its deficiency causes the X-linked dyskeratosis congenita disease, while its over-expression characterizes several types of cancers and has been proposed as prognostic marker. The role of dyskerin on telomere maintenance has widely been discussed, while its functions as H/ACA sno/scaRNP component has been so far mostly overlooked and represent the main goal of this review. Here we summarize how increasing evidence indicates that the snoRNA/microRNA pathways can be interlaced, and that dyskerin-dependent RNA pseudouridylation represents a flexible mechanism able to modulate RNA function in different ways, including modulation of splicing, change of mRNA coding properties, and selective regulation of IRES-dependent translation. We also propose a speculative model that suggests that the dynamics of pre-assembly and nuclear import of H/ACA RNPs are crucial regulatory steps that can be finely controlled in the cytoplasm in response to developmental, differentiative and stress stimuli.Biological Chemistry 01/2014; 395(6). DOI:10.1515/hsz-2013-0287 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a cancer-prone inherited bone marrow failure syndrome caused by aberrant telomere biology. The mucocutaneous triad of nail dysplasia, abnormal skin pigmentation and oral leukoplakia is diagnostic, but is not always present; DC can also be diagnosed by the presence of very short leukocyte telomeres. Patients with DC are at high risk of bone marrow failure, pulmonary fibrosis, liver disease, cancer and other medical problems. Germline mutations in one of nine genes associated with telomere maintenance are present in approximately 60% of patients. DC is one among the group of clinically and biologically related telomere biology disorders, including Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome, Revesz syndrome, Coats plus (also known as cranioretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts) and subsets of aplastic anemia, pulmonary fibrosis, nonalcoholic and noninfectious liver disease and leukemia. The authors review the pathobiology that connects DC and the related telomere biology disorders, methods of diagnosis and management modalities.Expert Review of Hematology 06/2013; 6(3):327-37. DOI:10.1586/ehm.13.23 · 2.14 Impact Factor