Prolactin gene expression in human ovarian follicular cells.
ABSTRACT To investigate prolactin gene expression in human ovarian follicular cells.
RNA was isolated from follicular cells obtained at the time of transvaginal oocyte retrieval from patients after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. The RNA was subjected to reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using prolactin-specific primers. The RT-PCR products were analyzed by gel electrophoresis, followed by Southern blot analysis using prolactin-specific probes.
Department of gynecology and obstetrics research laboratory.
Women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation followed by transvaginal oocyte retrieval.
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation followed by transvaginal oocyte retrieval. Expression of prolactin mRNA by follicular cells.
The presence of prolactin-specific cDNA amplified by RT-PCR from RNA isolated from human follicular cells was confirmed by Southern blot analysis.
Human ovarian follicular cells are an extrapituitary site of prolactin gene expression.
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ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is essential for the growth and maturation of the ovarian follicle and its transition into the corpus luteum. In addition to the main proangiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), follicular fluid (FF) contains the hormone prolactin (PRL), which is known to promote angiogenesis in vivo. Here, we show that FF from large follicles, which contains twice the PRL level of FF from small follicles, stimulates endothelial cell proliferation to a greater extent than the latter, and that immunoneutralization of PRL prevents FF from stimulating endothelial cell proliferation. Notably, the FF increases the expression of the short and long PRL receptor isoforms in endothelial cells, and a purified PRL standard stimulates endothelial cell proliferation but only after the cells have been pretreated with FF. However, purified PRL activates the JAK2/STAT3 pathway in endothelial cells in the absence of pretreatment with FF. In summary, PRL present in the FF stimulates the proliferation of endothelial cells. This effect likely involves the upregulation of the short and long PRL receptor isoforms and is independent of PRL-induced JAK2/STAT3 signaling.Journal of Vascular Research 09/2009; 47(1):45-53. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine whether the bromocriptine-rebound (BR) method improves pregnancy outcomes after previous unsuccessful assisted reproductive technology (ART) attempts. PATIENTS/STUDY DESIGN: In this study we retrospectively analyzed data from a total of 121 women with normal serum prolactin (PRL) levels and a history of repeated unsuccessful ART procedures. Pregnancy outcomes and hormonal data were compared between the long protocol and BR method. Both procedures were similar, except that in the BR method, bromocriptine was administered daily from day 5 of the preceding cycle until 7 days before ovarian stimulation. The number of fertilized oocytes, cleaved embryos and transplant embryos were significantly higher with the BR method than with the long protocol even though the numbers of retrieved oocyte were same in both groups. The ratio of the good embryos, the clinical pregnancy rate was higher with the BR method than with the long protocol. The embryo score with the BR method were significantly higher than that with the long protocol. BR method could provide the better embryos and improve the transplantation rate in women with previous unsuccessful ART attempts.The Journal of Medical Investigation 02/2011; 58(1-2):63-6.
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ABSTRACT: Apart from the well established role of prolactin (PRL) in the control of mammary development and lactation, this hormone appears to possess a variety of physiological functions and evidence exists about its expression in many extra-pituitary sites. This experimental work was undertaken to gain knowledge about PRL and its receptor presence in the porcine antral follicle. In particular, we investigated the expression and local production of PRL in follicular fluid, theca and granulosa cells cultured in standard conditions and in hypoxia. Then, we also investigated its modulatory effect on several parameters mainly involved in granulosa cell function, namely redox status and steroidogenesis. In order to verify an involvement of PRL in the control of ovarian angiogenesis, a process strictly linked to follicle growth and development, we have verified possible PRL effects on granulosa cell production of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and nitric oxide as well as its modulatory role on the angiogenic activity of endothelial cells. Our data demonstrate that in the swine PRL is expressed in both components of the antral follicle, theca and granulosa layer, and it is produced by granulosa cells. Moreover, the hormone represents a relevant modulatory factor on key processes underlying follicular growth and development, such as steroidogenesis and angiogenesis.Regulatory Peptides 01/2014; · 2.06 Impact Factor