Enteral application of an immunoglobulin-enriched colostrum milk preparation for reducing endotoxin translocation and acute phase response in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery--a randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial.

Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift (Impact Factor: 0.79). 12/2002; 114(21-22):923-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the influence of enteral application of an immunoglobulin enriched bovine milk preparation on endotoxin plasma levels, endotoxin neutralizing capacity of plasma (ENC) and the acute phase response (IL-6, CRP) during and after cardiac surgery, in a pilot study.
60 patients who underwent coronary bypass operations, were evenly enrolled in a placebo-controlled randomized study. The patients were treated by enteral application of either 42 g of a bovine colostrum milk preparation per day or placebo, for 2 days preoperatively. Endotoxin and ENC were sequentially determined intra- and postoperatively by a chromogenic modification of the limulus amebocyte lysate test. Interleukin-6, CRP, transferrin, alpha-2-macroglobulin, albumin, apo-A, apo-B, IgG, IgA, IgM were determined by ELISA and nephelometrically. The clinical course was followed up by daily evaluation of the Apache-II-score.
Demographic data were comparable in both groups. No differences of the Apache-II-score (verum group: 6.5 +/- 1.9 vs. controls: 6.8 +/- 1.8 on admission) were observed. Endotoxin and ENC levels were elevated at the end of the operation and seemed to have a trigger function for the acute phase response. However, there was no reduction (calculated as the area under the curve) in patients receiving the colostrum milk preparation throughout the observation period. Plasma levels of endotoxin binding proteins did not differ. Plasma IL-6 concentrations increased to maximal median values of 655 pg/ml in the verum and 786 pg/ml in the control group, respectively 2 and 6 h after surgery. In the colostrum group, there was a tendency to reduced IL-6 levels throughout the observation period. CRP-levels of all patients peaked 48 h after the operation but were lower (p = 0.034) in the verum group.
This study revealed that endotoxemia occurs early in an elective non-intestinal surgical intervention, and is followed by a subsequent increase in mediators of the acute phase reaction. The prophylactic enteral application of a bovine milk preparation for two days in cardiac patients did reduce postoperative CRP-plasma levels but, contrary to a former double-blind study in abdominal surgery, failed to curtail perioperative endotoxemia. One reason could be the amount of colostrum preparation administered was too small.

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    • "The benefi cial effects of bovine colostrum in establishing integrity of the calf immune system have contributed to its use by humans in an attempt to enhance immune function. Bovine colostrum supplementation has been associated with a reduction in peak acute phase protein concentration after surgery (Bolke and others 2002), reduced incidence of diarrhea (Kamlesh 2006) and reduced reporting of upper respiratory illness symptoms (Brinkworth and Buckley 2003). Moreover, bovine colostrum has become increasingly popular as a supplement in athletes to maintain immune function during periods of heavy training associated with immune suppression (Crooks and others 2006). "
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