Rearranged gene order between pig and human in a QTL region on SSC 7.
ABSTRACT On porcine Chromosome 7, the region surrounding the MHC region contains QTL influencing many traits including growth, back fat thickness, and carcass composition. Towards the identification of the responsible gene(s), this article describes an increase of density of the radiated hybrid map of SSC 7 in the q11-q14 region and the comparative analysis of gene order on the porcine RH map and human genome assembly. Adding 24 new genes in this region, we were able to build a framework map that fills in gaps on the previous maps. The new software Carthagene was used to build a robust framework in this region. Comparative analysis of human and porcine maps revealed a global conservation of gene order and of distances between genes. A rearranged fragment of around 3.7 Mb was, however, found in the pig approximately 20 Mb upstream from the expected location on the basis of the human map. This rearrangement, found by RH mapping on the IMpRH 7.000 rads panel, has been confirmed by two-color FISH and by mapping on the high resolution IMNpRH2 12.000 rads panel. The rearranged fragment contains two microsatellites found at the most likely QTL location in the INRA QTL experiment. It also contains the BMP5 gene, which, together with CLPS, could be considered as a possible candidate.
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ABSTRACT: Whole genome radiation hybrid (WG-RH) maps serve as "scaffolds" to significantly improve the orientation of small bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contigs, order genes within the contigs and assist assembly of a sequence-ready map for virtually any species. Here, we report the construction of a porcine: human comparative map for pig (Sus scrofa) chromosome 10 (SSC10) using the IMNpRH2(12,000-rad) porcine WG-RH panel, integrated with the IMpRH(7000-rad) WG-RH, genetic and BAC fingerprinted contig (FPC) maps. Map vectors from the IMNpRH2(12,000-rad) and IMpRH(7,000-rad) panels were merged to construct parallel framework (FW) maps, within which FW markers common to both panels have an identical order. This strategy reduced map discrepancies between the two panels and significantly improved map accuracy. A total of 216 markers, including 50 microsatellites (MSs), 97 genes and ESTs, and 69 BAC end sequences (BESs), were ordered within two linkage groups at two point (2 pt) LOD score of 8. One linkage group covers SSC10p with accumulated map distances of 738.2 cR(7,000) and 1814.5 cR(12,000), respectively. The second group covers SSC10q at map distances of 1336.9 cR(7,000) and 3353.6 cR(12,000), yielding an overall average map resolution of 16.4 kb/cR(12,000) or 393.5 kb per marker on SSC10. This represents an approximately 2.5-fold increase in map resolution over the IMpRH(7,000-rad) panel. Based on 127 porcine markers that have homologous sequences in the human genome, a detailed comparative map between SSC10 and human (Homo sapiens) chromosome (HSA) 1, 9 and 10 was built. This initial comparative RH map of SSC10 refines the syntenic regions between SSC10 and HSA1, 9 and 10. It integrates the IMNpRH2(12,000-rad) and IMpRH(7,000-rad), genetic and BAC FPC maps and provides a scaffold to close potential gaps between contigs prior to genome sequencing and assembly. This map is also useful in fine mapping of QTLs on SSC10.BMC Genomics 06/2009; 10:211. · 4.07 Impact Factor
Article: Construction of a radiation hybrid map of chicken chromosome 2 and alignment to the chicken draft sequence.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The ChickRH6 whole chicken genome radiation hybrid (RH) panel recently produced has already been used to build radiation hybrid maps for several chromosomes, generating comparative maps with the human and mouse genomes and suggesting improvements to the chicken draft sequence assembly. Here we present the construction of a RH map of chicken chromosome 2. Markers from the genetic map were used for alignment to the existing GGA2 (Gallus gallus chromosome 2) linkage group and EST were used to provide valuable comparative mapping information. Finally, all markers from the RH map were localised on the chicken draft sequence assembly to check for eventual discordances. Eighty eight microsatellite markers, 10 genes and 219 EST were selected from the genetic map or on the basis of available comparative mapping information. Out of these 317 markers, 270 gave reliable amplifications on the radiation hybrid panel and 198 were effectively assigned to GGA2. The final RH map is 2794 cR6000 long and is composed of 86 framework markers distributed in 5 groups. Conservation of synteny was found between GGA2 and eight human chromosomes, with segments of conserved gene order of varying lengths. We obtained a radiation hybrid map of chicken chromosome 2. Comparison to the human genome indicated that most of the 8 groups of conserved synteny studied underwent internal rearrangements. The alignment of our RH map to the first draft of the chicken genome sequence assembly revealed a good agreement between both sets of data, indicative of a low error rate.BMC Genomics 02/2005; 6:12. · 4.07 Impact Factor
Article: The Iccare web server: an attempt to merge sequence and mapping information for plant and animal species.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Iccare web server, http://genopole.toulouse.inra.fr/bioinfo/Iccare, provides a simple yet efficient tool for crude EST (expressed sequence tag) annotation specifically dedicated to comparative mapping approaches. Iccare uses all the EST and mRNA sequences from public databases for an organism of interest (query species) and compares them to all the transcripts of one reference organism (Homo sapiens or Arabidopsis thaliana). The results are displayed according to the location of the genes on the chromosomes of the reference organism. Gene structure information and sequence similarities are combined in a graphical representation in order to pinpoint the nature of the transcript query sequence. The user can subsequently design primers or probes for the purpose of physical or genetic mapping. In addition to the query organisms already available in Iccare, users can perform a tailor-made search with their own sequences against the animal or plant reference organism genes.Nucleic Acids Research 08/2004; 32(Web Server issue):W429-34. · 8.03 Impact Factor