Three-dimensional coronary MR angiography performed with subject-specific cardiac acquisition windows and motion-adapted respiratory gating.
ABSTRACT In coronary MR angiography, data are conventionally accepted in only short and fixed periods of the cardiac and respiratory cycles. We hypothesized that a more flexible and subject-specific approach to cardiac and respiratory gating may shorten scanning times while maintaining image quality.
We implemented an acquisition technique that uses subject-specific acquisition windows in the cardiac cycle and a motion-adapted gating window for respiratory navigator gating. Cardiac acquisition windows and trigger delays were determined individually from a coronary motion scan. Motion-adapted gating used a 2-mm acceptance window for the central 35% of k-space and a 6-mm window for the outer 65% of k-space. In 10 subjects, three-dimensional coronary MR angiograms of the right and left coronary systems were acquired with this technique (the "adaptive technique") as well as a conventional acquisition method, and the scanning times and image quality were compared. The adaptive technique was then applied prospectively to 40 patients who underwent coronary radiographic angiography.
Scanning times with the adaptive technique were reduced by a factor of 2.3 for the right coronary artery and by a factor of 2.2 for the left coronary artery system compared with the conventional technique, mainly because we were able to use longer subject-specific acquisition windows in patients with low heart rates. Subjective and objective measurements of image quality showed no significant differences between the two techniques. Prospective evaluation of MR angiograms yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 74.3% and 88.2%, respectively, to detect significant coronary artery stenoses.
Coronary MR angiography with subject-specific acquisition windows and motion-adapted respiratory gating reduces scanning times while maintaining image quality and provides high diagnostic accuracy for the detection of coronary artery stenosis.
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ABSTRACT: Coronary venous imaging with whole-heart cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) angiography has recently been described using developmental pulse sequences and intravascular contrast agents. However, the practical utility of coronary venous imaging will be for patients with heart failure in whom cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is being considered. As such complementary information on ventricular function and myocardial viability will be required. The aim of this study was to determine if the coronary venous anatomy could be depicted as part of a comprehensive CMR protocol and using a standard extracellular contrast agent. Thirty-one 3D whole heart CMR studies, performed after intravenous administration of 0.05 mmol/kg gadolinium DTPA, were reviewed. The cardiac venous system was visualized in all patients. The lateral vein of the left ventricle was present in 74%, the anterior interventricular vein in 65%, and the posterior interventricular vein in 74% of patients. The mean maximum distance of demonstrable cardiac vein on the 3D images was 81.5 mm and was dependent on the quality of the 3D data set. Five patients showed evidence of myocardial infarction on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images. Coronary venous anatomy can be reliably demonstrated using a comprehensive CMR protocol and a standard extracellular contrast agent. The combination of coronary venous imaging, assessment of ventricular function and LGE may be useful in the management of patients with LV dysfunction being considered for CRT.Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 09/2009; 11:26. · 3.72 Impact Factor
Article: Coronary magnetic resonance imaging.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article highlights the technical challenges and general imaging strategies for coronary MRI. This is followed by a review of the clinical results for the assessment of anomalous CAD, coronary artery aneurysms, native vessel integrity, and coronary artery bypass graft disease using the more commonly applied MRI methods. It concludes with a brief discussion of the advantages/disadvantages and clinical results comparing coronary MRI with multidetector CT (MDCT) coronary angiography.Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America 12/2007; 15(4):609-37, vii. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cardiac MRI has long been recognized as an accurate and reliable means of evaluating cardiac anatomy and ventricular function. Considerable progress has been made in the field of cardiac MRI, and cardiac MRI can provide accurate evaluation of myocardial ischemia and infarction (MI). Late gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced MRI can clearly delineate subendocardial infarction, and the assessment of transmural extent of infarction on late enhanced MRI has been shown to be useful in predicting functional recovery of dysfunctional myocardium in patients after MI. Stress first-pass contrast-enhanced (CE) myocardial perfusion MRI can be used to detect subendocardial ischemia, and recent studies have demonstrated the high diagnostic accuracy of stress myocardial perfusion MRI for detecting significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Free-breathing, whole-heart coronary MR angiography (MRA) was recently introduced as a method that can provide visualization of all three major coronary arteries within a single three-dimensional (3D) acquisition. With further improvements in MRI techniques and the establishment of a standardized study protocol, cardiac MRI will play a pivotal role in managing patients with ischemic heart disease.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 08/2007; 26(1):3-13. · 2.70 Impact Factor