Serotypes and Shiga toxin genotypes among Escherichia coli isolated from animals and food in Argentina and Brazil.
ABSTRACT Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains isolated from animals and food in Argentina (n=44) and Brazil (n=20) were examined and compared in regard to their phenotypic and genotypic characteristics to evaluate their pathogenic potential. The clonal relatedness of STEC O157 isolates (n=22) was established by phage typing (PT) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). All O157 strains studied carried eae and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)-hly sequences. In Argentina, these strains occurred both in cattle and meat, and 50% of them carried stx2/stx2vh-a genes, whereas in Brazil the O157 strains were isolated from animals, and most harbored the stx2vh-a sequence. At least 13 different O:H serotypes were identified among the non-O157 strains studied, with serotype O113:H21 being found in both countries. All but one non-O157 strains did not carry eae gene, but EHEC-hlyA gene was found in 85.7% of them, and the stx2 genotype was also more prevalent in Argentina than in Brazil (P<0.01), where stx1 alone or in association was most common (68.8%). One STEC strain isolated from a calf in Brazil harbored the new variant referred to as stx2-NV206. PFGE analysis showed that STEC O157 strains were grouped in four clusters. One Brazilian strain was considered possibly related (> or =80%) to Argentinean strains of cluster I. Differences in the pathogenic potential, especially in regard to serotypes and stx genotypes, were observed among the STEC strains recovered from animals and food in both countries.
Article: Genetic heterogeneity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated in Sao Paulo, Brazil, from 1976 through 2003, as revealed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of 46 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains isolated in São Paulo, Brazil, during the period from 1976 to 2003 were compared with those found among 30 non-STEC strains that carried eae and that belonged to the same serogroups as the STEC strains. All except two of the STEC and non-STEC strains of human origin were from sporadic and unrelated cases of infection; two O111 strains originated from the same patient. Multiple PFGE patterns were found among STEC strains of distinct serotypes. Moreover, the PFGE restriction patterns of STEC strains differed substantially from those observed among non-STEC strains of the same serogroup except serotype O26 strains. Based on the indistinguishable PFGE pattern for two O157:H7 STEC strains isolated in the same geographic area at an interval of approximately 15 days and toxin profile data, the first occurrence of an O157:H7 outbreak in Brazil during that period can be suggested. In general, a close relationship between types of intimin, serotypes, and diarrheagenic groups of E. coli was observed. This is the first time that a large collection of STEC strains from Brazil has been analyzed, and a great genetic diversity was shown among O157:H7 and non-O157:H7 STEC strains isolated in São Paulo, Brazil.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/2006; 44(3):798-804. · 4.15 Impact Factor
Article: Molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains isolated from different sources and geographic regions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Escherichia (E.) coli serotype O157:H7 is a globally distributed human enteropathogen and is comprised of microorganisms with closely related genotypes. The main reservoir for this group is bovine bowels, and infection mainly occurs after ingestion of contaminated water and food. Virulence genetic markers of 28 O157:H7 strains were investigated and multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) was used to evaluate the clonal structure. O157:H7 strains from several countries were isolated from food, human and bovine feces. According to MLEE, O157:H7 strains clustered into two main clonal groups designated A and B. Subcluster A1 included 82% of the O157:H7 strains exhibiting identical MLEE pattern. Most enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)O157:H7 strains from Brazil and Argentina were in the same MLEE subgroup. Bovine and food strains carried virulence genes associated with EHEC pathogenicity in humans.Journal of veterinary science (Suwŏn-si, Korea) 06/2012; 13(2):139-44. · 0.89 Impact Factor
Article: The prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in domestic animals and food in Serbia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Faecal samples of 2660 domestic animals from 116 farms and 956 samples of food were examined for the presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). STEC was recovered from 126 (15.3%) cattle, 135 (11.3%) pigs, 135 (66.8%) sheep, 31 (73.8%) goats, 4 (1%) chicken, and 15 (1.6%) food samples. Of all STEC isolates, 21.5, 25.8 and 15% produced enterohaemolysin, alpha-haemolysin, and aerobactin respectively, 1.6% displayed localized adherence (LA) to HEp-2 cells, 27.6% were sorbitol negative, and 30% were resistant to antibiotics. Only 14 (3.1%) of the STEC isolates belonged to human infection-associated serogroups (O26, O55, O111, O128 and 0157), designated as enterohaemorrhagic E. coil (EHEC). This study revealed that STEC are prevalent in domestic animals, and to a lesser extent in food of animal origin in Serbia, but the absence of a EHEC phenotypic profile (characteristic serogroup, LA, enterohaemolysin production) in most animal STEC strains may explain the low incidence of human STEC infection in this part of the world.Epidemiology and Infection 05/2005; 133(2):359-66. · 2.84 Impact Factor