Article

A synthesis of perceptions about physical activity among older African American and American Indian women

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.23). 03/2003; 93(2):313-7. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.93.2.313
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this review of qualitative data from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study (CAPS), we synthesize the major findings of studies designed to identify minority women's perceptions of physical activity.
We interviewed 30 African American and 26 American Indian women with constant comparison techniques. We analyzed the data with a coding system developed from the data.
The women led active, busy lives. Most perceived physical activity as being good for them, identified constraints to time and space for physical activity, and wanted social support for physical activity. Sociocultural issues also were related to physical activity.
Both personal and cultural values influenced the women's physical activity behaviors.

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    • "Several studies focused on understanding the mechanisms involved in the aging process have demonstrated the importance of an active lifestyle at all stages of life. The adoption of physical exercise in the daily lives of elderly people has mainly focused on health promotion (Araujo and Ceolim, 2007; Häkkinen et al., 2010; Harris et al., 2009; Henderson and Ainsworth, 2003). The recommendation of exercise programs for seniors should seek to improve their neuromuscular fitness, with a focus on the prevention of falls and improvement of balance, posture, and cardiorespiratory fitness. "
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    • "Intrapersonal constraints were examined in different investigations. Most of them showed that women's ethic of caring family and relatives (Bialeschki, Michener, 1994; Henderson, Ainsworth, 2001; Herridge, Shaw and Mannel, 2003; Arab-Moghadam, Henderson and Sheikholeslami; 2007, the selfesteem , embarrassment, social attitude, and fear of violence are very important factors that constraint women's participation in leisure activities, especially sports (Lafrance et al., 2000; Wiley et al., 2000; Carr, 2000). Few studies have focused on factors that could be considered interpersonal constraints on women's leisure. "
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    • "We began by designing an intervention that required aerobic exercise three times per week. There are multiple challenges encountered when investigating exercise as treatment for depression in adolescents, including: (1) the adolescent desire for autonomy versus authoritarian demands of adults such as parents and medical professionals [14]; (2) the time commitments of adolescents with academic, social, and family demands; (3) expectations in society for quick-fix solutions to complicated medical illnesses like depression; (4) limited access to exercise facilities or safe environments for some youth [15]; and (5) sociocultural factors that may undermine some adolescents' efforts to change activity levels [16] [17]. There are additional challenges for the many adolescents who struggle with both depression and obesity. "
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