A Synthesis of Perceptions About Physical Activity Among Older African American and American Indian Women

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 03/2003; 93(2):313-7. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.93.2.313
Source: PubMed


In this review of qualitative data from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study (CAPS), we synthesize the major findings of studies designed to identify minority women's perceptions of physical activity.
We interviewed 30 African American and 26 American Indian women with constant comparison techniques. We analyzed the data with a coding system developed from the data.
The women led active, busy lives. Most perceived physical activity as being good for them, identified constraints to time and space for physical activity, and wanted social support for physical activity. Sociocultural issues also were related to physical activity.
Both personal and cultural values influenced the women's physical activity behaviors.

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Available from: Karla A Henderson, Dec 18, 2013
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    • "Several studies focused on understanding the mechanisms involved in the aging process have demonstrated the importance of an active lifestyle at all stages of life. The adoption of physical exercise in the daily lives of elderly people has mainly focused on health promotion (Araujo and Ceolim, 2007; Häkkinen et al., 2010; Harris et al., 2009; Henderson and Ainsworth, 2003). The recommendation of exercise programs for seniors should seek to improve their neuromuscular fitness, with a focus on the prevention of falls and improvement of balance, posture, and cardiorespiratory fitness. "
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    Journal of Human Kinetics 11/2014; 43(1):57. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2014-0090 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • "Intrapersonal constraints were examined in different investigations. Most of them showed that women's ethic of caring family and relatives (Bialeschki, Michener, 1994; Henderson, Ainsworth, 2001; Herridge, Shaw and Mannel, 2003; Arab-Moghadam, Henderson and Sheikholeslami; 2007, the selfesteem , embarrassment, social attitude, and fear of violence are very important factors that constraint women's participation in leisure activities, especially sports (Lafrance et al., 2000; Wiley et al., 2000; Carr, 2000). Few studies have focused on factors that could be considered interpersonal constraints on women's leisure. "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to examine the constraints that prohibit Iranian women who live in Tehran to participate in sport activities during their leisure time. The three-dimensional leisure constraints based on the Jackson, Crawford and Godbey's (1993) Leisure Constraints Model, was used as the theoretical frame work for the study. The sample consisted of 1263 women who lived in Tehran city. The instrument of this research was a questionnaire which was designed to measure three types of constraints to sport participation: 1) structural, 2) interpersonal and 3) intrapersonal. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was approved. The results suggested that the subjects were constrained most by structural factors and this result is very different from what the original model claimed about the intrapersonal factors as being at the first place in the hierarchical model.
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    • "A detailed interviewer-administered, semi-quantitative questionnaire adapted from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study [15,16] was used to collect physical activity, including leisure, household, work, and transportation activities at baseline. The questionnaire was developed using extensive qualitative research [17] and physical activity records [15]. For each type of activity queried, participants were asked (a) whether they engaged in an activity during a typical week in the past month and (b) how many days per week and hours/minutes per day they did the activity. "
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