Spinal intramedullary tuberculoma and abscess: a rare cause of paraparesis.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore - 560 029, India.
Neurology India (Impact Factor: 1.08). 01/2003; 50(4):494-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Five cases of spinal intramedullary tuberculomas (IMT) and one case of spinal intramedullary tuberculous abscess (ITA) are presented. Gd enhanced MRI revealed ring enhancing lesion with central hypodensity, suggesting granulomatous pathology. Surgical excision of the intramedullary lesions was carried out in four cases, while two patients received presumptive anti-tuberculous chemotherapy only. Repeat MRI after completion of anti-tuberculous therapy showed total resolution of the lesion. In other cases following surgical excision, the patients improved significantly. The management of these rare lesions is discussed and the literature reviewed.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims to report a relatively rare entity-intramedullary tuberculum of cervical spine-and describe its management and some key learning points. Intramedullary tuberculomas are rare entities. Intramedullary tuberculoma is most commonly found in the thoracic cord of a patient and is rarely seen in the cervical cord. We present an intramedullary cervical tuberculoma in a 21-year-old patient with finding of spinal cord compression. All 4 limbs were spastic, with grade 1 power on the right side and grade 3 power on the left side. Sensory deficit was found below the C6 level. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intramedullary lesion at the C5 to C6 levels. Intramedullary tuberculoma was diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, physical examination, previous history, and magnetic resonance imaging. A C5 to C7 laminectomy was performed. Intramedullary tuberculoma was resected by microsurgery. One year after the surgery, strength returned to normal grade 5. Excellent clinical outcome was obtained with a combination of both medical and surgical treatments. Intramedullary cervical tuberculoma should be removed without delay to eliminate any mass effect on the neurons as soon as possible.
    International surgery 01/2015; 100(1):133-136. DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-13-00247.1 · 0.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinal intramedullary tubercular abscess itself is a rare entity. Very few cases have been reported. We report a case of a 4-month-old female with a dermal sinus in lower back since birth, intermittent fever for 2 months, acute onset paraparesis and bowel bladder involvement showing an intramedullary contrast enhancing lesion extending from D11 to S2 level with low lying conus, and a subcutaneous tract in lower back at S2 level extending from skin up to the sacral canal on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine. Drainage of abscess and biopsy revealed tubercular infection on histopathology. The patient made a good recovery with anti-tubercular treatment and physiotherapy. The source of tubercular infection could not be established. The baby had received Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination at birth and the possibility of vaccination associated tubercular infection could not be ruled out.
    Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 01/2015; 10(1):73-5. DOI:10.4103/1817-1745.154361
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinal intramedullary tuberculoma (SIMT) is rare, accounting for 2/100,000 cases of tuberculosis and only 0.2% of all cases of central nervous system(CNS) tuberculosis. We share our experiences of 11 cases of this entity for improving diagnosis and conceptualize the management of this rare disease. The clinical profile, radiological data and management of 11 cases of SIMT which were managed either conservatively or by surgical intervention during last 27 years (1987-2014) were analysed. Male:female ratio was 1.75:1. Five cases had associated pulmonary Koch's. Most common site was thoracic cord. Two cases had concurrent multiple intracranial tuberculoma. Most common presentation was paraparesis. X-ray myelography was performed in two patients in the initial period of study suggesting intramedullary pathology. In the subsequent nine cases who had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), seven showed typical "target sign" and conglomerate ring lesion. Out of 8 surgically managed patients, 6 cases improved rapidly and in 2 patients gradual improvement was seen in follow-up. Most common indication of surgical excision was rapid neurological deterioration followed by diagnosis in doubt. Histopathology confirmed tuberculous etiology of the intramedullary lesion in all. Clinical and radiological improvement was seen in all 3 conservatively managed patients in follow-up. MRI findings of SIMT were specific and proven histologically correct. Surgical intervention may be indicated if there is no response to chemotherapy, the diagnosis is in doubt, or there is a rapid deterioration in neurological function because surgical outcome is good in these circumstances.
    03/2015; 12(1):5-11. DOI:10.14245/kjs.2015.12.1.5