Thoracic epidural anesthesia does not influence the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation after beating heart surgery.
ABSTRACT At least 20 - 30 % of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or beating-heart surgery develop postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the effect of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) on the occurrence of postoperative AF in patients submitted to CABG without cardiopulmonary bypass (OPCABG).
We performed a retrospective analysis of 125 patients undergoing myocardial revascularization. Early postoperative incidence of AF was compared between three groups of patients - 50 after conventional CABG, 45 after OPCABG, and 30 after OPCABG combined with TEA intraoperatively and postoperatively. Clinical profile of the patients, including factors with a potential influence on postoperative AF was matched for groups.
Postoperative AF occurred in 13.3 % of the TEA-treated patients, in 17.7 % of the patients in the OPCABG group, and in 26 % of the patients in the CABG group. This difference did not carry any statistical significance. Risk factors and incidence of postoperative complications were comparable in all groups.
TEA has no effect on the incidence of postoperative AF in patients undergoing beating-heart surgery.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of 2 postoperative analgesic regimens on heart rate variability in patients who underwent thoracotomy. A prospective, randomized trial. A single-institutional study in a university hospital. Fifty patients who underwent thoracotomy under combined general anesthesia and thoracic epidural analgesia divided by a number generator into 2 equal groups (A and B). In group A, postoperative analgesia consisted of thoracic epidural analgesia with levobupivacaine for 6 postoperative days. In group B, on the 3rd postoperative day this regimen was changed to patient-controlled intravenous morphine. Heart rate variability recordings were performed on the day before surgery, after the epidural, after operation, and on every postoperative day. Statistical analysis used chi-square and Student t tests (Bonferroni correction). In both groups, the low-frequency component of the analyzed recordings declined after epidural and after surgery. In group A, the low-frequency component was significantly lower compared with baseline from the 2nd postoperative day onward, whereas in group B it was significantly higher compared with A on the 4th and 6th postoperative days. In both groups, the changes in high frequency were statistically insignificant. Intergroup comparisons of the low-/high-frequency ratio showed statistical difference on the last day of observation. There was no difference between the groups in hemodynamic variables and visual analog scale/10 scores. Postoperatively decreased cardiac sympathetic outflow continues with epidural analgesia, whereas it is abolished by the change to intravenous patient-controlled morphine.Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 10/2010; 25(5):817-23. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Supraventricular arrhythmias are common rhythm disturbances following pulmonary surgery. The overall incidence varies between 3.2% and 30% in the literature, while atrial fibrillation is the most common form. These arrhythmias usually have an uneventful clinical course and revert to normal sinus rhythm, usually before patent's discharge from hospital. Their importance lies in the immediate hemodynamic consequences, the potential for systemic embolization and the consequent long-term need for prophylactic drug administration, and the increased cost of hospitalization. Their incidence is probably related to the magnitude of the performed operative procedure, occurring more frequently after pneumonectomy than after lobectomy. Investigators believe that surgical factors (irritation of the atria per se or on the ground of chronic inflammation of aged atria), direct injury to the anatomic structure of the autonomic nervous system in the thoracic cavity, and postthoracotomy pain may contribute independently or in association with each other to the development of these arrhythmias. This review discusses currently available information about the potential mechanisms and risk factors for these rhythm disturbances. The discussion is in particular focused on the role of postoperative pain and its relation to the autonomic imbalance, in an attempt to avoid or minimize discomfort with proper analgesia utilization.Anesthesiology Research and Practice 01/2013; 2013:413985.
- Le Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation 09/2007; 11(4).