Parental mental health and children's adjustment: the quality of marital interaction and parenting as mediating factors.
ABSTRACT Research has put emphasis on the process of transmission of mental-health problems from parents to children. This study examines the specificity of the interpersonal relationships mediating these symptoms.
Information about parent and child mental health, marital interaction, and parenting was received from 527 mothers and fathers. Information about child mental health was also received from their 12-year-old children (260 girls and 267 boys).
The results confirm that parental mental-health problems can compromise a mother's and father's parenting abilities and represent a threat to their children's adjustment. The results suggest that the different types of parental mental-health problems initiate specific paths between parental and child mental-health problems. The results also reveal examples of how the mediation may depend on both the parents' and the children's gender.
The results further suggest that opposite-sex parenting is important to children's adjustment during the years of early adolescence. Keywords: Child development, epidemiology, gender, marital relationships, mental health, parenting.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Numerous studies have explored how patients and their caregivers cope with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but the literature completely lacks research on the psychological impact of the disease on patients’ children. The aim of our study was to investigate the emotional and psychological impact of a parent with ALS on school-age children and adolescents in terms of problem behavior, adjustment, and personality characteristics. Methods: The study involved 23 children (mean age = 10.62 years, six females) with a parent suffering from ALS, and both their parents. Children were matched for age, gender, and birth-order with a control group of children with healthy parents. They were administered the Youth Self Report (YSR) questionnaire and the Rorschach Comprehensive System, and their healthy parent completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Results: Findings clearly showed that, compared with controls, children with a parent who had ALS had several clinically significant adverse emotional and behavioral consequences, with emotional and behavioral problems, internalizing problems, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Children of a parent with ALS scored higher than controls for the Total Problems, Internalizing Problems, Anxious/Depressed and Withdrawn/Depressed scales in the YSR. A relevant percentage of children fell within the clinical range (42.9%) and borderline range (28.6%) for Internalizing Problems. The Rorschach CS confirmed the substantial impact of ALS in a parent on their offspring in terms of internalizing behavior and depression, with adjustment difficulties, psychological pain, and thought problems. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that school-aged children and adolescents with a parent who has ALS are vulnerable and carry a substantially higher risk of internalizing behavior, depressive symptoms, and reactive problems than children with healthy parents. Families affected may need support to cope with such an overwhelming disease.Frontiers in Psychology 03/2015; 6:288. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00288 · 2.80 Impact Factor
- 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s10826-013-9781-7
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ABSTRACT: Adoptive parents face unique developmental and family challenges during the transition to adoptive parenthood. The study reported in this paper investigated the first transitional phase of parenthood, namely the early pre-adoptive period. We compared 60 prospective adoptive parents (30 couples) with a control group of 30 childless couples of prospective nonadoptive parents. Participants were evaluated by specific measures mainly from the attachment theory viewpoint, such as Parental Bonding Instrument, Experiences in Close Relationships, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale questionnaires. Results showed that prospective adoptive parents clearly reported more positive perceived parental characteristics of their own parents (i.e., more maternal and parental care), more adult attachment security (i.e., low anxiety and low avoidance), and higher levels of marital adjustment (i.e., higher levels of dyadic adjustment, dyadic consensus, dyadic cohesion, and affective expression) than prospective nonadoptive parents. Our findings were discussed in light of the literature in this field of the past 50 years.Sexual and Relationship Therapy 01/2015; DOI:10.1080/14681994.2014.1001355 · 0.51 Impact Factor