Parental mental health and children's adjustment: the quality of marital interaction and parenting as mediating factors.
ABSTRACT Research has put emphasis on the process of transmission of mental-health problems from parents to children. This study examines the specificity of the interpersonal relationships mediating these symptoms.
Information about parent and child mental health, marital interaction, and parenting was received from 527 mothers and fathers. Information about child mental health was also received from their 12-year-old children (260 girls and 267 boys).
The results confirm that parental mental-health problems can compromise a mother's and father's parenting abilities and represent a threat to their children's adjustment. The results suggest that the different types of parental mental-health problems initiate specific paths between parental and child mental-health problems. The results also reveal examples of how the mediation may depend on both the parents' and the children's gender.
The results further suggest that opposite-sex parenting is important to children's adjustment during the years of early adolescence. Keywords: Child development, epidemiology, gender, marital relationships, mental health, parenting.
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ABSTRACT: To study how physicians caring for adult patients presenting a chronic mental disturbance take account of the difficulties of their patients' children under 18. Exploratory and qualitative study based on an in-depth study of interviews. Thirteen physiatrists or neurologists following brain-damaged patients and 12 psychiatrists following patients with chronic psychiatric disorders. In the two groups of physicians, diversified practices in catering for the issues of the patient's parenthood, child-parent relationships, and difficulties experienced by the child. The child's difficulties are not approached as such. For many of the physicians, representations of the parenting function, and of the child's needs and difficulties are not often used in work with the patient. Patient-centred care appears at odds with catering for the patient's children and their specific difficulties. The seriousness of the mental pathologies, their chronic nature, and the fact that they can affect the patient in his/her parental functioning and concerns, appear as factors in the reluctance of physicians. Other reasons are lack of familiarity with issues relating to childhood, and the feeling of encroaching on a private and intimate sphere. The representations of physicians with regard to parenthood, parent-child relations, and the needs and difficulties of children, are often not integrated into the corpus of knowledge. These issues are more often aspects of physicians' own experience. The conflict of values and the uneasiness of the physicians suggest the need for ethical reflection groups or Balint groups.Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine 11/2009; 52(9):623-37.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: In recent years, researchers have become interested in evaluating mediator as well as family variables. The purpose of this study was to assess relationship between family variables (parents mental disorder, child rearing patterns and marital satisfaction), adolescent self understanding and conduct disorders. Methods: The relationship among family variables (mental problems, child rearing pattern, marital satifaction), self- understanding and conduct disorders in youth were assessed in 57 young subjects and their parents (29 normal and 28 with conduct disorders). The parents compeleted MMPI short form, child rearing patterns qustionniare and Enrich marital satisfaction qustionniare. Twenty- nine normal and 28 conduct disorder yougsters were interviewed using self- understanding interview (SUI). Results: Stepwise regression suggested that there were significant relations among conduct disorders, parents’ mental problems, child rearing pattern and youth self- understanding. The variables which entered the model were father’s schizophrenia, continue dimension, social dimension, father’s depression, father’s paranoia, father’s despot, mother’s despot and father’s authoritative pattern. Path analysis suggeseted that self- understanding plays the role of a mediator among marital satisfacion, child rearing patterns, parents’ mental disorders with conduct disorders. Conclusion: Self- understanding is a mediator between parental mental disorders and children’s conduct disorders. Parents’ mental disorders and despot child rearing affect self- understanding and predispose to conduct disorders. Father’s mental disorder and despot child rearing more than mother’s can product conduct disorders.Hakim Research Journal. 01/2006; 9(3):32-38.
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ABSTRACT: A number of sources suggest changes in anxiety across the transition to parenthood may be experienced by parents in different ways, yet no studies have examined whether new parents experience changes in anxiety in distinct subgroups. Based on a sample of 208 first-time parents (104 couples) from a low-risk population, the current study utilized latent class growth analysis to explore subgroups of change in symptoms of anxiety from the third trimester of pregnancy to nine-months postpartum. We identified two distinct change trajectories: 1) moderate and stable and 2) low and declining. Furthermore, based on stress and coping theory, we examined a number of personal and social prenatal predictors of subgroup membership. Results indicated prenatal depression, expected parenting efficacy, and relationship satisfaction were significantly associated with subgroup membership. Our results suggest a majority of new parents adjust well to parenthood in terms of anxiety, while a smaller subgroup of parents experience continually higher levels of anxiety months after the baby is born.Anxiety, stress, and coping 03/2014; · 1.55 Impact Factor