Diagnosis and management of unexplained infertility: an update.

The Egyptian IVF-ET Center, 3 Street 161, Hadayek El-Maadi, Maadi, Cairo 11431, Egypt.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Impact Factor: 1.28). 03/2003; 267(4):177-88. DOI: 10.1007/s00404-002-0300-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Unexplained infertility constitutes around 15% of patients presenting with infertility. A lack of agreement exists among infertility specialists with regard to the diagnostic tests to be performed and their prognostic value as well as criteria of normality. It seems that serum progesterone for detection of ovulation, hysterosalpingography and or laparoscopy for tubal patency and semen analysis are the basic tests for diagnosis of unexplained infertility. Expectant treatment is the option of choice for young patients with short period of infertility. The spontaneous pregnancy rate is very high in this group of patients. The world literature have shown that controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination (COH and IUI) is an effective treatment of unexplained infertility. According to the available data, this procedure could be limited to three trials. There is evidence that both COH and IUI are important independent positive factors in achieving better pregnancy rate in unexplained infertility. If the above measures fail to achieve pregnancy, GIFT or IVF/ICSI could be performed as it yields a high pregnancy rate.

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    Middle East Fertility Society Journal 01/2013; 19(2). DOI:10.1016/j.mefs.2013.06.005
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Cervical cancer is the most common genital tract malignancy in the developing countries of the world. Interestingly, it has a pre-invasive stage, which can be detected through screening. The etiological organism of the disease is the human papilloma virus (HPV) that is sexually transmitted and sexually transmitted infections play a major role in the causation of infertility in developing countries.Aim:The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of abnormal cervical smear among infertile women at Usmanu Dan-Fodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH) Sokoto, Nigeria.Materials and Methods:This is a cross-sectional study involving the assessment of cervical smears taken from infertile women attending the gynecological out-patient clinic of UDUTH sokoto over a 12-month period. cross-sectional study involving the assessment of the cervical smears taken from infertile women attending the gynecological out-patient clinic of UDUTH Sokoto over a 12-month period. Statistical analysis of the results was carried out using the EPI-INFO 3.5.1 (CDC, Atlanta Georgia, USA). Chi square test was used for association at p-value< 0.05 at 95 % confidence intervalResults:A total of 162 patients were screened during the study period. Their ages ranged from 15 to 46 years with a mean of 27.9 (6.2) years and modal age of 25-34 years. Majority of the subjects 88/159 (55.4%) were in the lower socio-economic class and 75/159 (47.2%) of the women were nullipara. Out of the 159 subjects with adequate smears, 58/159 (36.8%) were normal while 44/159 (27.8%) had inflammatory lesions. Cervical intraepithelial lesions were observed in 18/159 (11.3%) of the smears while 25 (15.7%) had evidence of HPV infection.Conclusions:Considering the relatively high incidence 18/159 (11.3%) of cervical intraepithelial lesions seen among the subjects, there is the need to integrate cervical smear in the general infertility work-up.
    05/2014; 4(3):383-7. DOI:10.4103/2141-9248.133464
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare pregnancy rates following three different timings of intrauterine insemination after human chorionic gonadotrophin administration at 24, 34 and 48h in women with unexplained infertility.
    Middle East Fertility Society Journal 10/2010; 15(4):265-268. DOI:10.1016/j.mefs.2010.07.012

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