Article

Transposition of Tn5367 in Mycobacterium marinum, using a conditionally recombinant mycobacteriophage.

Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
Journal of Bacteriology (Impact Factor: 3.19). 04/2003; 185(5):1745-8. DOI: 10.1128/JB.185.5.1745-1748.2003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mycobacterium marinum is a close relative of the obligate human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As with M. tuberculosis, M. marinum causes intracellular infection of poikilothermic vertebrates and skin infection in humans. It is considered a valid model organism for the study of intracellular pathogenesis of mycobacteria. Low transformation efficiencies for this species have precluded approaches using mutant libraries in pathogenesis studies. We have adapted the conditionally replicating mycobacteriophage phAE94, originally developed as a transposon mutagenesis tool for M. tuberculosis, to meet the specific requirements of M. marinum. Conditions permissive for phage replication in M. tuberculosis facilitated highly efficient transposon delivery in M. marinum. Using this technique we succeeded in generating a representative mutant library of this species, and we conclude that TM4-derived mycobacteriophages are temperature-independent suicide vectors for M. marinum.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
148 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Mycobacteriosis (fish tuberculosis) is a progressive disease of a wide range of wild and captive marine and freshwater fish species. While Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum and M. chelonae are the most frequently reported species to be involved in the disease, several new mycobacteria species have also recently been implicated. Conventional detection / identification of fish mycobacteria is based on histopathology, culture and biochemical characteristics. In this study complementary molecular approaches were developed to assist in Mycobacterium identification. First, a highly specific and sensitive multiplex PCR-based assay, targeting two genes (hsp65 and 16S RNA), was established to simultaneously detect the genus Mycobacterium and identify M. marinum, M. fortuitum or M. chelonae from culture or infected fish tissue, based on presence / absence of specific amplicons. In addition, PCR-restriction enzyme analysis (PRA) and DNA sequence analysis of the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and a 441 bp fragment of the hsp65 gene demonstrated the limitations of multiplex PCR (and commercial line probe assays) to differentiate among the species of the M. fortuitum complex. However DNA sequence analysis of the hsp65 gene fragment was found to reliably identify M. fortuitum from closely related species, M. conceptionense and M. senegalense. Reliable identification of novel species (or very similar species) of aquatic mycobacteria requires more extensive DNA sequence comparisons. Thus, multigene (polygenetic) analyses, as used here, provide rapid, accurate and reliable species identification of aquatic mycobacteria. Furthermore, a number of novel species of aquatic mycobacteria, M. stomatepiae, ‘M. angelicum’, ‘M. aemonae’ and M. salmoniphilum were discovered using the polygenetic analysis approach. Correct identification of Mycobacterium species by DNA sequence comparisons relies on accurate database information. Difficulties in this study in assigning M. marine and M. gordonae to their correct taxa suggest errors in the current public sequence repositories. The above methods were successfully applied to detect and identify mycobacteria in field samples including formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) fish tissue, water and frozen fish tissue.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Five newly isolated mycobacteriophages--Angelica, CrimD, Adephagia, Anaya, and Pixie--have similar genomic architectures to mycobacteriophage TM4, a previously characterized phage that is widely used in mycobacterial genetics. The nucleotide sequence similarities warrant grouping these into Cluster K, with subdivision into three subclusters: K1, K2, and K3. Although the overall genome architectures of these phages are similar, TM4 appears to have lost at least two segments of its genome, a central region containing the integration apparatus, and a segment at the right end. This suggests that TM4 is a recent derivative of a temperate parent, resolving a long-standing conundrum about its biology, in that it was reportedly recovered from a lysogenic strain of Mycobacterium avium, but it is not capable of forming lysogens in any mycobacterial host. Like TM4, all of the Cluster K phages infect both fast- and slow-growing mycobacteria, and all of them--with the exception of TM4--form stable lysogens in both Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis; immunity assays show that all five of these phages share the same immune specificity. TM4 infects these lysogens suggesting that it was either derived from a heteroimmune temperate parent or that it has acquired a virulent phenotype. We have also characterized a widely-used conditionally replicating derivative of TM4 and identified mutations conferring the temperature-sensitive phenotype. All of the Cluster K phages contain a series of well conserved 13 bp repeats associated with the translation initiation sites of a subset of the genes; approximately one half of these contain an additional sequence feature composed of imperfectly conserved 17 bp inverted repeats separated by a variable spacer. The K1 phages integrate into the host tmRNA and the Cluster K phages represent potential new tools for the genetics of M. tuberculosis and related species.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(10):e26750. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
29 Downloads
Available from
May 28, 2014