Diagnosis and management of epilepsy.

Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology, London Health Sciences Centre - University Campus, London, ON.
Canadian Medical Association Journal (Impact Factor: 6.47). 03/2003; 168(4):441-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This article concisely describes the more common epilepsy conditions and will enable physicians to efficiently evaluate and manage these disorders. Salient aspects of the history and examination, together with electroencephalography, will usually determine the epilepsy syndrome (category), forming the basis for any further investigation and possible antiepileptic therapy. Imaging may be required in some circumstances.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The authors present a review article on memory aspects of temporal lobe epilepsy in childhood. METHODS: We performed a search in the literature. RESULTS: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in childhood present with great clinical, electroencephalographic and etiological diversity. The neuropsychological features in children with TLE are not well-defined yet. The relationship between the lateralization of the lesion and performance on memory tests is not established. CONCLUSION: The studies performed in children with TLE show controversy data. This finding may be due to the etiological, clinical and electroencephalographic diversity seen in such group of children. Besides, most studies use different assessments. Therefore, it is clear that more studies are necessary to elucidate which neuropsychological deficits occur in children with TLE.
    Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology 03/2006; 12(1):22-25.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The progress of epilepsies diagnosis has been great, but, amongst the diagnostic detailing that demand research, one of the most important is the essential lateralization and localization of epileptogenic zone, considered as the cerebral cortex region, that removed, will result in a free state of seizures. The present study aims to analyze the possible uses of proton spectroscopy for clinical and pre-surgical evaluation of focal extratemporal epilepsies, since this group presents the highest difficulty degree for lateralizing and locating epileptogenic zones. In almost all cases, a non invasive diagnosis can be performed using routine electroencephalography, video-electroencephalography - considered as gold standard, and magnetic resonance imaging. However, when the results of these exams are contradictory, some patients need invasive techniques, as the intra-cranial video-EEG, using deep electrodes, sub-dural strip and grid, that are associated with increased diagnostic cost and risk of complications, as cerebral hemorrhages and intra-cranial infections. Proton spectroscopy appears as a possibility, given its capacity to evaluate cerebral metabolism, by N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), creatine (Cre) and choline (Cho) concentrations, amongst other metabolites. This non invasive method may provide time reduction of this evaluation and reliable level improvement for this topographical diagnosis.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 02/2010; 68(1):119-26. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is an intractable childhood-onset epileptic encephalopathy. Seizure freedom is rare in LGS. One of the hallmarks of LGS is medical intractability, with generally poor response to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nevertheless, several treatment options are available that can mitigate the severity of seizures and curtail their frequency. New AEDs have been validated in randomized, controlled trials for the treatment of seizures in LGS. In some cases, nonpharmacologic options may be effective, although more data are needed to confirm efficacy outcomes. Comprehensive patient assessments are critical to achieve an optimal AED treatment regimen and minimize the potential for adverse effects.
    Epilepsia 08/2011; 52 Suppl 5:10-20. · 3.96 Impact Factor


Available from