Article

p53RDL1 regulates p53-dependent apoptosis.

Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.
Nature Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 20.06). 04/2003; 5(3):216-23. DOI: 10.1038/ncb943
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although a number of targets for p53 have been reported, the mechanism of p53-dependent apoptosis still remains to be elucidated. Here we report a new p53 target-gene, designated p53RDL1 (p53-regulated receptor for death and life; also termed UNC5B). The p53RDL1 gene product contains a cytoplasmic carboxy-terminal death domain that is highly homologous to rat Unc5H2, a dependence receptor involved in the regulation of apoptosis, as well as in axon guidance and migration of neural cells. We found that p53RDL1 mediated p53-dependent apoptosis. Conversely, when p53RDL1 interacted with its ligand, Netrin-1, p53-dependent apoptosis was blocked. Therefore, p53RDL1 seems to be a previously un-recognized target of p53 that may define a new pathway for p53-dependent apoptosis. We suggest that p53 might regulate the survival of damaged cells by balancing the regulation of Netrin-p53RDL1 signalling, and cell death through cleavage of p53RDL1 for apoptosis.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
100 Views
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uncoordinated-5 homolog B receptor (UNC5B) was first found to mediate neural chemorepulsive effects by binding to its ligand netrin-1 in the nervous system. Newer evidence indicated that UNC5B also has functions outside the nervous system. In this study, we report on the generation of a monoclonal antibody specific to the outer-membrane immunoglobulin-like domains of UNC5B using the hybridoma technique. Western blot, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry analyses showed that the antibody specifically bound to UNC5B protein. Interestingly, the antibody blocked the Netrin-1-induced inhibitory effect on the mobility of melanoma A375 cells by wound healing assay and transwell migration assay, whereas it had no effects on cell proliferation measured by CCK-8 assay. Thus, the functional antibody may provide a useful tool for the study of UNC5B expression profiles and functions outside the nervous system.
    08/2014; 33(4):280-6. DOI:10.1089/mab.2013.0077
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The research on colorectal cancer (CRC) biology has been leading the oncology field since the early 1990s. The search for genetic alterations has allowed the identification of the main tumour suppressors or oncogenes. Recent work obtained in CRC has unexpectedly proposed the existence of novel category of tumour suppressors, the so-called 'dependence receptors'. These transmembrane receptors behave as Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde with two opposite sides: they induce a positive signalling (survival, proliferation, differentiation) in presence of their ligand, but are not inactive in the absence of their ligand and rather trigger apoptosis when unbound. This trait confers them a conditional tumour suppressor activity: they eliminate cells that grow abnormally in an environment offering a limited quantity of ligand. This review will describe how receptors such as deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC), uncoordinated 5 (UNC5), rearranged during transfection (RET) or TrkC constrain CRC progression and how this dependence receptor paradigm may open up therapeutical perspectives.
    Gut 08/2014; 63(11). DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306704 · 13.32 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
19 Downloads
Available from
Jun 16, 2014