p53RDL1 regulates p53-dependent apoptosis.

Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.
Nature Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 20.06). 04/2003; 5(3):216-23. DOI: 10.1038/ncb943
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although a number of targets for p53 have been reported, the mechanism of p53-dependent apoptosis still remains to be elucidated. Here we report a new p53 target-gene, designated p53RDL1 (p53-regulated receptor for death and life; also termed UNC5B). The p53RDL1 gene product contains a cytoplasmic carboxy-terminal death domain that is highly homologous to rat Unc5H2, a dependence receptor involved in the regulation of apoptosis, as well as in axon guidance and migration of neural cells. We found that p53RDL1 mediated p53-dependent apoptosis. Conversely, when p53RDL1 interacted with its ligand, Netrin-1, p53-dependent apoptosis was blocked. Therefore, p53RDL1 seems to be a previously un-recognized target of p53 that may define a new pathway for p53-dependent apoptosis. We suggest that p53 might regulate the survival of damaged cells by balancing the regulation of Netrin-p53RDL1 signalling, and cell death through cleavage of p53RDL1 for apoptosis.

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