Distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes among HBV carriers in the Cote d'Ivoire: complete genome sequence and phylogenetic relatedness of HBV genotype E.
ABSTRACT The characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype E are not well known because only a few studies have been carried out by complete genome analysis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the distribution of HBV genotypes in Cote d'Ivoire, and to clarify the genotype-related characteristics of genotype E. The distribution of HBV genotypes among 48 HBV carriers in Cote d'Ivoire was determined using serological and genetic methods. The characteristics of genotype E were evaluated by complete genome sequences, and further investigations of small S gene, basic core promoter (BCP) mutation, and precore mutation were undertaken. HBV genotype distribution among the 48 carriers was 6.3% for genotype A, 6.3% for genotype D, and 87.4% for genotype E. Complete genomes of two genotype E strains were sequenced, and found to have 98.2% to 99.2% homology at the nucleotide level when compared with genotype E strains reported previously. In 24 genotype E carriers, the precore mutation was detected in 75% of the patients without HBeAg, in contrast to only 25% of the patients with HBeAg (P < 0.05). All 24 strains have T at nucleotide 1858 in the precore region. In contrast, BCP double mutation was detected in 17% of the patients with HBeAg, and 33% of the patients without HBeAg. These results indicated as the following: (1) genotypes A, D, and E of HBV exist in Cote d'Ivoire and genotype E is the most prevalent; (2) genotype E spread with low genetic diversity over the complete genome in West Africa; (3) HBV precore and/or BCP double variants were common among the patients with genotype E infections.
Article: Diagnostic accuracy of biochemical markers of fibrosis in black African patients with chronic hepatitis B[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Contradictory results of the accuracy of bio-chemical markers to predict the stage of fibrosis in black African patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were previously published. We con-ducted a prospective cohort study to determine the diagnostic accuracy of aspartate ami-notransferase to platelet ratio (APRI), aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), platelet count, age-platelet (AP) in-dex, and FIB-4 index for the prediction of sig-nificant fibrosis or cirrhosis in 117 black African patients (median age: 38 years, males: 73 %) with CHB not previously treated. Among them, 45 had significant fibrosis and 18 had cirrhosis using the METAVIR score system. Factors as-sociated either with significant fibrosis or cir-rhosis were determined in logistic multivariate analysis. Areas under receiver operating curve were assessed and compared for APRI, AAR, AP index, FIB-4 index and platelet count. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were determined for each biochemical markers. Multivariate analysis showed that as-partate aminotransferase (p<0.0001) and plate-lets (p=0.03) were the independent factors as-sociated with significant fibrosis and only platelets (p=0.01) were associated with cirrhosis. APRI (cut-off > 1.1) and FIB-4 index (cut-off > 2.1) ruled out significant fibrosis with high specific-ity of 84.7 % and 86.1 % respectively and nega-tive predictive values of 78.2 % and 72.9 % re-spectively. More accurately, APRI (cut-off > 0.63) or FIB-4 index (cut-off > 1.26) ruled out cirrhosis with high sensitivity of 94.4% and 88.9% and high negative predictive values of 98.1% and 96.3% respectively. In conclusion, APRI and FIB-4 index are simple readily available markers to exclude significant fibrosis or more accu-rately cirrhosis in black African patients with CHB.Health 12/2010; 02(12):1413-1420. · 2.10 Impact Factor