[Surgery for metastatic lung tumors at our department during the last ten years].
ABSTRACT We report on 86 cases (112 operations) who underwent surgery for metastatic lung tumors at our department during the last 10 years. The study subjects comprised 53 men and 33 women, and the average age was 51 (+/- 19) years. Of the 112 metastatectomies performed, 53 were conducted by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and 59 were performed via thoracotomy. The procedures employed for metastatectomy were lobectomy (22 cases), segmentectomy (4 cases), and partial resection. wedge resection (86 cases). The primary origin of the metastatic tumors was colorectal carcinoma in 22 cases, osteosarcoma in 13 cases, renal carcinoma in 10 cases, and breast carcinoma in 6 cases. The 5-year survival rates in subjects undergoing first and second resection for pulmonary metastases were 46% and 44%. Metastatectomy was performed 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 times in 73, 7, 1, 2, 2, 1 cases, respectively. The average number and maximum diameter of the metastatic pulmonary lesions at first metastatectomy were 1.9 and 27.6 mm. Metastatectomy is performed, as a rule, by VATS at our department, because the more highly invasive thoracotomy procedure influences the activity of the cancer cells in a suspended phase in an unfavorable manner. Furthermore, we believe that to the maximum extent possible, re-metastatectomy should also be performed by VATS. The survival rates at our institution have been satisfactory, and we attribute this to our following strict indications for metastatectomy. Re-metastatectomy should always be considered, as the survival rates are as favorable as those following the first metastatectomy.