Phase III comparison of two irinotecan dosing regimens in second-line therapy of metastatic colorectal cancer.
ABSTRACT Randomized trials in fluorouracil (FU)-refractory colorectal cancer demonstrate significant survival advantages for patients receiving irinotecan. We prospectively compared the efficacy and tolerability of two irinotecan regimens (once a week for 4 weeks followed by a 2-week rest period [weekly] v once every 3 weeks) in such patients.
This multicenter, open-label, phase III study randomly assigned patients in a 1:2 ratio to irinotecan given either weekly (125 mg/m(2)) or once every 3 weeks (350 mg/m(2), or 300 mg/m(2) in patients who were >/= 70 years of age, who had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status equal to 2, or who had prior pelvic irradiation).
With median follow-up of 15.8 months, there was no significant difference in 1-year survival (46% v 41%, respectively; P =.42), median survival (9.9 v 9.9 months, respectively; P =.43), or median time to progression (4.0 v 3.0 months, respectively; P =.54) between the two regimens. Grade 3/4 diarrhea occurred in 36% of patients treated weekly and in 19% of those treated once every 3 weeks (P =.002). Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 29% of patients treated weekly and 34% of those treated once every 3 weeks (P =.35). Treatment-related mortality occurred in five patients (5.3%) receiving irinotecan weekly and three patients (1.6%) given therapy once every 3 weeks (P =.12). Global quality of life was not statistically different between treatment groups.
Irinotecan schedules of weekly and of once every 3 weeks demonstrated similar efficacy and quality of life in patients with FU-refractory, metastatic colorectal cancer. The regimen of once every 3 weeks was associated with a significantly lower incidence of severe diarrhea.
- SourceAvailable from: Songnian Hu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety and survival rate of a treatment regimen comprising capecitabine plus irinotecan (XELIRI) to those of a standard regimen comprising leucovorin, fluorouracil and irinotecan (FOLFIRI), to determine the correlation among the inherited genetic variations in UGT1A1, UGT1A7 and UGT1A9. A total of 84 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) were included in the study. All patients were treated with FOLFIRI or XELIRI. The median progression-free survival time was 4.4 months for FOLFIRI and 5.7 months for XELIRI (hazard ratio=1.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.83-2.21; P=0.22). When compared with FOLFIRI (6.34%), XELIRI was associated with lower rates of severe toxicity (3.29) (P=0.026) and similar disease control rates (69.57% for FOLFIRI and 61.11% for XELIRI; P=0.49). In total, 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified, five of which revealed an association with grade 3/4 neutropenia, including UGT1A7*4; however, UGT1A1*28 and UGT1A1*6, which have been previously reported, were not significant. Additionally, H2 haplotypes, which include UGT1A9*22, and H5 and H7 haplotypes, which include UGT1A7*2, UGT1A7*3 and UGT1A7*4, were associated with a higher risk of severe neutropenia. In conclusion, XELIRI is an effective treatment regimen with acceptable response rates and tolerability for mCRC patients as a second-line treatment. Furthermore, inherited genetic variations in UGT1A1, UGT1A7 and UGT1A9 are associated with grade 3/4 neutropenia.Oncology letters 10/2014; 8(4):1864-1872. · 0.99 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Irinotecan is a cytotoxic agent administered by IV infusion in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Its anticancer activity results from its bioactivation into SN-38 metabolite, which is cleared through glucuronidation by the hepatic enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). In the general population, there is wide inter-subject variability in UGT1A1 enzyme activity related to UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms. The French joint workgroup coming from the National Pharmacogenetic Network (RNPGx) and the Group of Clinical Oncologic Pharmacology (GPCO) herein presents an updated review dealing with efficacy and toxicity clinical studies related to UGT1A1 genetic variants. From a critical analysis of this review it clearly emerges that, for doses higher than 180 mg/m(2), hematologic and digestive irinotecan-induced toxicities could be prevented in daily clinical practice by generalizing the use of a simple pharmacogenetic test before starting treatment. The clinical relevance of this test is also discussed in terms of treatment efficacy improvement, with the possibility of increasing the irinotecan dose in patients not bearing the deleterious allele. This test involves using a blood sample to analyze the promoter region of the UGT1A1 gene (UGT1A1*28 allele). Best execution practices, laboratory costs, as well as results interpretation are described with the aim of facilitating the implementation of this analysis in clinical routine. The existence of a French laboratories network performing this test in clinical routine makes it possible to generalize UGT1A1 deficiency screening, so as to guarantee equal access to safe treatment and optimized irinorecan-based therapy for the many patients receiving irinotecan-based therapy in advanced colorectal cancer.Bulletin du cancer. 06/2014; 101(6):533-553.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Advancements in chemotherapy treatment have improved the clinical management of metastatic colon cancer (mCC) patients. An increasing number of elderly mCC patients receive various combinations of regimens in second-line chemotherapy/biologics treatment (Tx2) after first-line treatment (Tx1) to prolong survival and/or palliate symptoms, but these regimens have higher costs. This analysis investigated the survival benefit and incremental cost associated with Tx2 among elderly mCC patients.Advances in Therapy 07/2014; 31(7). · 2.44 Impact Factor