Change in International Prostate Symptom Score after transurethral prostatectomy in Taiwanese men with benign prostate hyperplasia: use of these changes to predict the outcome.
ABSTRACT To investigate whether the pre- and postoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) change predicts the outcome of transurethral prostatectomy in a Taiwanese population, 99 patients (transurethral prostatectomy candidates) were assessed with the IPSS before and 6-12 months after surgery. All symptoms improved significantly postoperatively. Patients with a greater preoperative IPSS benefited the most. Improvements in preoperative obstructive symptoms (incomplete emptying, intermittency, straining, and weak stream) were greater than those in irritable symptoms (urgency, frequency, and nocturia). A significant correlation was found between IPSS and quality of life (QOL) before and after transurethral prostatectomy. A change of 1 unit on the IPSS scale was found to decrease the QOL score 0.282 units. The positive predictive value of a >or=7-IPSS point decrease depended on the predictive IPSS criteria applied. When the preoperative IPSS was more than 17, the sensitivity was 83.5% and specificity was 30%. Postoperative improvement did not differ significantly between acute urinary retention (AUR) and non-AUR patients. Change in IPSS of more than 7 points predicted symptomatic improvement with high sensitivity. The predictive value depends on the definition of significant improvement (magnitude of IPSS change) and on the level of IPSS symptoms (sufficient to warrant transurethral prostatectomy).