Experimental use of an albumin-glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive for sealing tracheal anastomoses

Department of Thoracic Surgery, University of Freiburg, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
The Journal of cardiovascular surgery (Impact Factor: 1.46). 03/2003; 44(1):109-13.
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study was to test the performance of an albumin-glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive (BioGlue, manufactured by CryoLife Inc., Kennesaw, GA, USA) when used on tracheal resections in rabbits, which is a sensitive model to investigate the biocompatibility of the glue.
The 24 animals were anesthetized and underwent cervicotomy with resection of a 10 mm long tracheal segment. The experimental group (18 animals with 2, 4 and 12 week endpoints) had a tracheal anastomosis performed with a maximum of 4 sutures for the approximation of the tissue margins. The anastomotic line was then circumferentially covered with the adhesive. Control animals (6 animals, 4 week endpoint) had a tracheal anastomosis performed with the use of twice interrupted, airtight running suture. The experiments were conducted after approval by the Institutional Ethics Committee and in accordance with the European Convention on Animal Care.
Macroscopic evaluation revealed a tight closure of the anastomosis in 23 animals. One rabbit developed tracheo-cutaneous fistula, 2 rabbits experienced intraluminal granulations due to infection, and 1 rabbit developed tracheal stenosis due to insufficient sutures with axis-displacement of the anastomosed tracheal lumina. On microscopic examination, after 2 weeks an inflammatory tissue response consisting of neutrophils, macrophages and foreign body giant cells was found surrounding the glued area. After 4 weeks the tissue was granulomatous in character with an increasing number of multinucleated giant cells. In general, persistent granulomatous inflammation and fibrous scar tissue was seen after 12 weeks. Both, macroscopically and microscopically, fibroangioblastic tissue responses were found in the control group after 4 weeks.
Despite secondary healing disruptions such as granuloma formation, our investigations suggest that the results of albumin-glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive sealed tracheal anastomoses with a few approximating sutures are comparable with those using suture technique. Short term results demonstrated good biocompatibility of the glue.

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