The purpose of this study was to test the performance of an albumin-glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive (BioGlue, manufactured by CryoLife Inc., Kennesaw, GA, USA) when used on tracheal resections in rabbits, which is a sensitive model to investigate the biocompatibility of the glue.
The 24 animals were anesthetized and underwent cervicotomy with resection of a 10 mm long tracheal segment. The experimental group (18 animals with 2, 4 and 12 week endpoints) had a tracheal anastomosis performed with a maximum of 4 sutures for the approximation of the tissue margins. The anastomotic line was then circumferentially covered with the adhesive. Control animals (6 animals, 4 week endpoint) had a tracheal anastomosis performed with the use of twice interrupted, airtight running suture. The experiments were conducted after approval by the Institutional Ethics Committee and in accordance with the European Convention on Animal Care.
Macroscopic evaluation revealed a tight closure of the anastomosis in 23 animals. One rabbit developed tracheo-cutaneous fistula, 2 rabbits experienced intraluminal granulations due to infection, and 1 rabbit developed tracheal stenosis due to insufficient sutures with axis-displacement of the anastomosed tracheal lumina. On microscopic examination, after 2 weeks an inflammatory tissue response consisting of neutrophils, macrophages and foreign body giant cells was found surrounding the glued area. After 4 weeks the tissue was granulomatous in character with an increasing number of multinucleated giant cells. In general, persistent granulomatous inflammation and fibrous scar tissue was seen after 12 weeks. Both, macroscopically and microscopically, fibroangioblastic tissue responses were found in the control group after 4 weeks.
Despite secondary healing disruptions such as granuloma formation, our investigations suggest that the results of albumin-glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive sealed tracheal anastomoses with a few approximating sutures are comparable with those using suture technique. Short term results demonstrated good biocompatibility of the glue.
"In experimental studies, sutureless anastomoses have been made successfully with liquid fibrin glue on trachea , colon   , small bowel  , rectum , and common bile duct . None of these studies showed a decrease of anastomotic leakage compared to sutured or stapled anastomoses. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sealing of anastomoses has previously been tested with several methods, including sealing with liquid fibrin glue. Sealing with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue components has never been systematically examined. The aim of the present study was to determine the safety of sealing gastrointestinal anastomoses with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue. The study is a prospective, experimental animal study comparing sealed and unsealed gastrointestinal anastomoses. Laparotomy was performed in 11 pigs under general anesthesia. In each pig two anastomoses were performed on the small intestine. One of the anastomoses was sealed with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue components (TachoSil). The other anastomosis contained no sealing. The pigs were observed for 1 to 6 weeks. The observation period was followed by in vivo examination under general anesthesia and included observation for anastomotic leakage, signs of present or former peritonitis, abscess, adhesions to the anastomoses, and signs of intestinal obstruction. In addition, the anastomotic diameter was measured with barium and radiography. Finally, bursting pressure was measured in each segment. After the pigs were sacrificed, the bowel segments were microscopically examined. There were no differences between the sealed and the unsealed anastomoses with respect to abdominal pathology, in vivo bursting pressure, or degree of stenosis. The collagen fleeces were in situ in all anastomoses. Microscopically, we found no difference in healing or signs of infection.
Journal of Investigative Surgery 11/2007; 20(6):363-9. DOI:10.1080/08941930701772173 · 1.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To enhance the water tightness of dura mater closure in cranial surgery, an organic glue called BioGlue was used in our neurosurgical department between January 2006 and June 2007. During this period of time, we noticed an important increase in the surgical site infection (SSI) incidence. We conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for these infections. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that BioGlue was one of the risk factors.
Cases with infection were defined retrospectively. We included two controls per case. Study data were age, sex, time of year, in stay hospital preoperative time, length of surgery, type of surgery, surgeon, use of BioGlue, and use of duraplasty. We first performed a univariate analysis and then the significant variables were introduced in a logistic regression model.
Thirty patients were defined as cases (60 controls). In multivariate analysis, risk factors were young age (p = 0.04), extended operative length (p = 0.02) and the use of BioGlue (p = 0.007). The combined use of BioGlue and Neuropatch appeared to be a significant risk factor for SSI (p = 0.002).
BioGlue seems to increase the risk of SSI for patients who underwent craniotomy, especially when associated with synthetic dural graft. BioGlue triggers an intense inflammatory response, which causes wound breaches allowing bacteria to spread down in the wound, and then creates an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
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