Repeat HIV testing among Hispanic men who have sex with men - A sign of risk, prevention, or reassurance?
ABSTRACT This study examined factors associated with repeat (n > or = 3 lifetime) and regular (n > or = 2 times per year, for a minimum of 1 year) HIV testing among a community sample of 538 seronegative Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM). Bilingual staff interviewed respondents anonymously at public venues in South Florida. We compared (a) repeat testers with nonrepeat testers and (b) regular testers with nonregular testers. Results of logistic regression analyses indicated that repeat testers were more likely to be older, more educated, have a history of sexually transmitted disease, and have more sex partners than nonrepeat testers. Regular testers were more likely to be younger, have lower HIV risk perceptions, and have intentionally taken their first HIV test than were nonregular testers. They were also more likely to engage in oral sex and to only engage in 100% protected insertive anal sex. These findings suggest the importance of studying both the frequency and regularity of HIV testing behaviors, and using them to design interventions to promote testing among Hispanic MSM who are most at risk.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies of HIV testing among gay men describe the motivations, facilitators and barriers, behaviors, and demographic characteristics of individuals who test. What little research focuses on HIV testing among gay men in relationships shows that they do not test regularly or, in some cases, at all-their motivations to test have not been investigated. With so little data on HIV testing for this population, and the continued privileging of individually focused approaches, gay men in relationships fall into a blind spot of research and prevention efforts. This study examined motivations to test for HIV using qualitative data from both partners in 20 gay male couples. Analysis revealed that the partners' motivations were either event-related (e.g., participants testing at the beginning of their relationship or HIV-negative participants in an HIV-discordant relationship testing after risky episode with their discordant primary partner) or partner-related (e.g., participants testing in response to a request or suggestion to test from their primary partner or participants testing out of concern for their primary partner's health and well-being). These data provide insight into relationship-oriented motivations to test for HIV for gay men in relationships and, in doing so, evidence their commitment to their primary partner and relationship. These motivations can be leveraged to increase HIV testing among gay men in relationships, a population that tests less often than single gay men, yet, until recently, has been underserved by prevention efforts.Archives of Sexual Behavior 12/2014; 44(2). DOI:10.1007/s10508-014-0403-2 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV infection, but access HIV care less often than non-Hispanic whites in the USA. The majority of new HIV diagnoses among Hispanics/Latinos occur in the southern USA; however, data are lacking regarding factors associated with HIV care access for Hispanics/Latinos in the South. We conducted a qualitative review of peer-reviewed articles using the HIV continuum of care framework to assess HIV care for Hispanics/Latinos in the US South. We identified 13 studies conducted in southern states that were informed by the continuum of care: testing and diagnosis of HIV infection (n = 9); linkage and retention in care (n = 2); and prescription of and adherence to ART (n = 2). Barriers to health care access included stigma, lack of Spanish-speaking health-care providers, and fear of deportation. Facilitators to health care access included provider endorsement of HIV tests and regular health care. Innovative solutions (e.g., patient navigators), tailored strategies (e.g., community outreach) and organizational-level interventions (e.g., increasing provider endorsement of HIV tests) can improve access for Hispanics/Latinos in the South.AIDS Care 07/2014; DOI:10.1080/09540121.2014.936817 · 1.60 Impact Factor