Novel vaccination strategies based on recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG

LKC Switzerland Ltd., Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland
International Journal of Medical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.42). 03/2003; 292(7-8):441-51. DOI: 10.1078/1438-4221-00227
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this manuscript, we will review the utilization of Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) as a vaccine against tuberculosis (TB) and as a carrier system for heterologous antigens. BCG is one of the most widely used vaccines. Novel techniques in genome manipulation allow the construction of virulence-attenuated recombinant (r)-BCG strains that can be employed as homologous vaccines, or as heterologous antigen delivery systems, for priming pathogen-specific immunity against infectious diseases, including TB. Several approaches are available for heterologous antigen expression and compartmentalization in BCG and recent findings show the potential to modulate and direct the immune responses induced by r-BCG strains as desired. Recent achievements in complete genome analysis of various target pathogens, combined with a better understanding of protective pathogen-specific immune responses, form the basis for the rational design of a new generation of recombinant mycobacterial vaccines against a multitude of infectious diseases.

Download full-text


Available from: Juergen Hess, Jul 22, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial respiratory diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The young and the elderly are particularly susceptible to the pathogens that cause these diseases. Therapeutic approaches remain dependent upon antibiotics contributing to the persistent increases in antibiotic resistance. The main causes of respiratory disease discussed in this review are Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bordatella pertussis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. All these organisms initiate disease at the mucosal surface of the respiratory tract and thus the efficacy of the host's response to infection needs to be optimal at this site. Vaccines available for diseases caused by many of these pathogens have limitations in accessibility or efficacy, highlighting the need for improvements in approaches and products. The most significant challenges in both therapy and prevention of disease induced by bacteria in the respiratory tract remain the development of non-injectable vaccines and delivery systems/immunization regimens that improve mucosal immunity.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 09/2003; 2(4):551-60. DOI:10.1586/14760584.2.4.551 · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vaccination against cancer or intracellular pathogens requires stimulation of class I-restricted CD8(+) T cells. It is therefore important to develop Ag delivery vectors that will promote cross-presentation by APCs and stimulate appropriate inflammatory responses. Toward this goal, we tested the potential of Escherichia coli as an Ag delivery vector in in vitro human culture. Bacteria expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein were internalized efficiently by dendritic cells, as shown by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. Phenotypic changes in DC were observed, including up-regulation of costimulatory molecules and IL-12p40 production. We tested whether bacteria expressing recombinant Ags could stimulate human T cells using the influenza matrix protein as a model Ag. Specific responses against an immunodominant epitope were seen using IFN-gamma ELISPOT assays when the matrix protein was coexpressed with listeriolysin O, but not when expressed alone. THP-1 macrophages were also capable of stimulating T cells after uptake of bacteria, but showed slower kinetics and lower overall levels of T cell stimulation than dendritic cells. Increased phagocytosis of bacteria induced by differentiation of THP-1 increased their ability to stimulate T cells, as did opsonization. Presentation was blocked by proteasome inhibitors, but not by lysosomal protease inhibitors leupeptin and E64. These results demonstrate that recombinant E. coli can be engineered to direct Ags to the cytosol of human phagocytic APCs, and suggest possible vaccine strategies for generating CD8(+) T cell responses against pathogens or tumors.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2004; 172(3):1595-601. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.172.3.1595 · 5.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DNA vaccine may be a promising tool for controlling tuberculosis development. However, vaccines encoding single antigens of mycobacterium did not produce protective effect as BCG did. In the present study, we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a divalent DNA vaccine encoding two immunodominant antigens Ag85B and MPT64 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We found that both humoral and Th1-type (high IFN-gamma, low IL-4) cellular responses obtained from the divalent DNA vaccine group were significantly higher than that conferred by BCG. RT-PCR results showed that antigens were expressed differentially in various organs in divalent DNA vaccine group. The survival rate for mice treated with the divalent DNA vaccine after challenging with high doses of virulent M. tuberculosis H37Rv was significantly higher than that of the BCG group or any of the single DNA vaccine group. Significant differences were also found between the single and divalent DNA vaccinated mice in terms of body, spleen and lung weight. Bacterial loading decreased about 2000-fold in lungs and about 100-fold in spleens of divalent DNA vaccinated mice when compared with that of the control group. We conclude that our divalent DNA vaccine may be a better choice for controlling tuberculosis disease in animals.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 05/2004; 36(4):269-76. DOI:10.1093/abbs/36.4.269 · 2.09 Impact Factor
Show more

Similar Publications