Assessing the role of the T cell receptor beta gene enhancer in regulating coding joint formation during V(D)J recombination.
ABSTRACT To assess the role of the T cell receptor (TCR) beta gene enhancer (Ebeta) in regulating the processing of VDJ recombinase-generated coding ends, we assayed TCRbeta rearrangement of Ebeta-deleted (DeltaEbeta) thymocytes in which cell death is inhibited via expression of a Bcl-2 transgene. Compared with DeltaEbeta, DeltaEbeta Bcl-2 thymocytes show a small accumulation of TCRbeta standard recombination products, including coding ends, that involves the proximal Dbeta-Jbeta and Vbeta14 loci but not the distal 5' Vbeta genes. These effects are detectable in double negative pro-T cells, predominate in double positive pre-T cells, and correlate with regional changes in chromosomal structure during double negative-to-double positive differentiation. We propose that Ebeta, by driving long range nucleoprotein interactions and the control of locus expression and chromatin structure, indirectly contributes to the stabilization of coding ends within the recombination processing complexes. The results also illustrate Ebeta-dependent and -independent changes in chromosomal structure, suggesting distinct modes of regulation of TCRbeta allelic exclusion depending on the position within the locus.
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ABSTRACT: Ag receptor loci are regulated to promote allelic exclusion, but the mechanisms are not well understood. Assembly of a functional TCR β-chain gene triggers feedback inhibition of V(β)-to-DJ(β) recombination in double-positive (DP) thymocytes, which correlates with reduced V(β) chromatin accessibility and a locus conformational change that separates V(β) from DJ(β) gene segments. We previously generated a Tcrb allele that maintained V(β) accessibility but was still subject to feedback inhibition in DP thymocytes. We have now further analyzed the contributions of chromatin accessibility and locus conformation to feedback inhibition using two novel TCR alleles. We show that reduced V(β) accessibility and increased distance between V(β) and DJ(β) gene segments both enforce feedback inhibition in DP thymocytes.The Journal of Immunology 11/2011; 187(12):6374-81. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: V(D)J recombination assembles antigen receptor genes from germline V, D and J segments during lymphocyte development. In αβT-cells, this leads to the subsequent expression of T-cell receptor (TCR) β and α chains. Generally, V(D)J recombination is closely controlled at various levels, including cell-type and cell-stage specificities, order of locus/gene segment recombination, and allele usage to mediate allelic exclusion. Many of these controls rely on the modulation of gene accessibility to the recombination machinery, involving not only biochemical changes in chromatin arrangement and structural modifications of chromosomal organization and positioning, but also the refined composition of the recombinase targets, the so-called recombination signal sequences. Here, we summarize current knowledge regarding the regulation of V(D)J recombination at the Tcrb gene locus, certainly one for which these various levels of control and regulatory components have been most extensively investigated.Seminars in Immunology 12/2010; 22(6):330-6. · 5.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Omenn syndrome (OS) is an atypical primary immunodeficiency characterized by severe autoimmunity because of activated T cells infiltrating target organs. The impaired recombinase activity in OS severely affects expression of the pre-T-cell receptor complex in immature thymocytes, which is crucial for an efficient development of the thymic epithelial component. Anti-CD3ε monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment in RAG2(-/-) mice was previously shown to mimic pre-TCR signaling promoting thymic expansion. Here we show the effect of anti-CD3ε mAb administration in the RAG2(R229Q) mouse model, which closely recapitulates human OS. These animals, in spite of the inability to induce the autoimmune regulator, displayed a significant amelioration in thymic epithelial compartment and an important reduction of peripheral T-cell activation and tissue infiltration. Furthermore, by injecting a high number of RAG2(R229Q) progenitors into RAG2(-/-) animals previously conditioned with anti-CD3ε mAb, we detected autoimmune regulator expression together with the absence of peripheral immunopathology. These observations indicate that improving epithelial thymic function might ameliorate the detrimental behavior of the cell-autonomous RAG defect. Our data provide important therapeutic proof of concept for future clinical applications of anti-CD3ε mAb treatment in severe combined immunodeficiency forms characterized by poor thymus function and autoimmunity.Blood 06/2012; 120(5):1005-14. · 9.06 Impact Factor