Transcription profiling of renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Our aim was to prepare a comprehensive catalogue of the changes in gene expression accompanying the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma, and to correlate these with histo-pathological, cytogenetic and clinical findings.
mRNA samples from paired neoplastic and non-cancerous human kidney tissue were labeled and hybridized in duplicate against high-density cDNA arrays. Two array technologies were used: 31,500-element transcriptome-wide nylon arrays for hybridization with 37 radioactively labelled sample pairs, and 4200-element kidney- and cancer-specific glass microarrays for hybridization with 19 fluorescently labelled sample pairs.
We identified more than 1700 cDNA clones that show differential transcription levels in kidney tumor tissue compared to normal kidney tissue. The functional classification of 389 annotated genes provided views of the changes in the activities of specific biological processes in renal cancer. Among the biological processes with a large proportion of up-regulated genes we found cell adhesion, signal transduction, and nucleotide metabolism. Down-regulated processes included small molecule transport, ion homeostasis, and oxygen and radical metabolism. Furthermore, we explored the feasibility of molecular diagnosis for renal cell tumors using cDNA microarrays on glass slides, investigating the association of transcription levels with tumor type, progression, and a putative prognostic variable. The experimental data is available from the GEO gene expression database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo; accession no. GSE3), and a comprehensive presentation of the results is available in the web supplement (http://www.dkfz-heidelberg.de/abt0840/whuber/rcc).
Transcription profiling using high-density cDNA arrays is a powerful method with the potential to improve cancer diagnosis and prognosis. The identification and classification of differentially transcribed genes, as described in our study, is the beginning of a more complete understanding of kidney cancer.
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ABSTRACT: The molecular analysis of serum is an important field for the definition of potential diagnostic markers or disease-related protein alterations. Novel proteomic technologies such as the mass spectrometric-based surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization (SELDI) ProteinChip technique facilitate a rapid and reproducible analysis of such protein mixtures and affords the researcher a new dimension in the search for biomarkers of disease. Here, we have applied this technology to the study of a cohort of serum samples from well-characterized renal cell carcinoma patients for the identification of such proteins by comparison to healthy controls. We detected and characterized haptoglobin 1 alpha and serum amyloid alpha-1 (SAA-1) as disease related, in addition to an as-yet-unidentified marker of 10.84 kDa. Of particular note is the detection of multiple variants of SAA-1 in multiplex that have not been described in the sera of cancer patients. SAA-1 is detected as full-length protein, des-Arginine and des-Arginine/des-Serine variants at the N terminus by SELDI. In addition, we could also detect a low-abundant variant minus the first five N-terminal amino acids. Such variants may impact the function of the protein. We conclude the technique to be a reproducible, fast and simple mode for the discovery and analysis of marker proteins of disease in serum.Laboratory Investigation 08/2004; 84(7):845-56. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Individuals that are exposed to malaria eventually develop immunity to the disease with one possible mechanism being the gradual acquisition of antibodies to the range of parasite variant surface antigens in their local area. Major antibody targets include the large and highly polymorphic Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 (PfEMP1) family of proteins. Here, we use a protein microarray containing 123 recombinant PfEMP1-DBLα domains (VAR) from Papua New Guinea to seroprofile 38 nonimmune children (<4 years) and 29 hyperimmune adults (≥15 years) from the same local area. The overall magnitude, prevalence and breadth of antibody response to VAR was limited at <2 years and 2-2.9 years, peaked at 3-4 years and decreased for adults compared with the oldest children. An increasing proportion of individuals recognized large numbers of VAR proteins (>20) with age, consistent with the breadth of response stabilizing with age. In addition, the antibody response was limited in uninfected children compared with infected children but was similar in adults irrespective of infection status. Analysis of the variant-specific response confirmed that the antibody signature expands with age and infection. This also revealed that the antibody signatures of the youngest children overlapped substantially, suggesting that they are exposed to the same subset of PfEMP1 variants. VAR proteins were either seroprevalent from early in life, (<3 years), from later in childhood (≥3 years) or rarely recognized. Group 2 VAR proteins (Cys2/MFK-REY+) were serodominant in infants (<1-year-old) and all other sequence subgroups became more seroprevalent with age. The results confirm that the anti-PfEMP1-DBLα antibody responses increase in magnitude and prevalence with age and further demonstrate that they increase in stability and complexity. The protein microarray approach provides a unique platform to rapidly profile variant-specific antibodies to malaria and suggests novel insights into the acquisition of immunity to malaria.Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 08/2011; 10(11):M111.008326. · 7.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transcriptional signatures are an indispensible source of correlative information on disease-related molecular alterations on a genome-wide level. Numerous candidate genes involved in disease and in factors of predictive, as well as of prognostic, value have been deduced from such molecular portraits, e.g. in cancer. However, mechanistic insights into the regulatory principles governing global transcriptional changes are lagging behind extensive compilations of deregulated genes. To identify regulators of transcriptome alterations, we used an integrated approach combining transcriptional profiling of colorectal cancer cell lines treated with inhibitors targeting the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)/RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, computational prediction of regulatory elements in promoters of co-regulated genes, chromatin-based and functional cellular assays. We identified commonly co-regulated, proliferation-associated target genes that respond to the MAPK pathway. We recognized E2F and NFY transcription factor binding sites as prevalent motifs in those pathway-responsive genes and confirmed the predicted regulatory role of Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX1) by reporter gene, gel shift, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. We also validated the MAPK-dependent gene signature in colorectal cancers and provided evidence for the association of YBX1 with poor prognosis in colorectal cancer patients. This suggests that MEK/ERK-dependent, YBX1-regulated target genes are involved in executing malignant properties.PLoS Genetics 01/2010; 6(12):e1001231. · 8.52 Impact Factor