Phenotypic reversion of rat neoplastic liver nodules is under genetic control

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.01). 01/2003; 105(1):70-5. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.11044
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Low DNA synthesis and high redifferentiation (remodeling) characterize neoplastic nodules induced by chemical carcinogens in hybrid BFF1 rats, generated by crossing the susceptible F344 and resistant BN strains. We performed whole-genome scanning of BFF2 rats to identify loci controlling remodeling of nodules induced, 32 weeks after initiation with diethylnitrosamine, by the RH protocol. Remodeling nodules were identified as areas lacking uniformity of GST-P immunostaining and with irregular margins. Two loci in suggestive linkage with the percentage of remodeling nodules were identified on chromosomes 7 and 1 (LOD scores 3.85 and 2.9 at D7Rat25 and D1Mgh14). Significant dosage-negative effect of the B allele on remodeling and additive interaction between these loci were found. Significant epistatic interactions, showing a recessive, remodeling-enhancing effect of B alleles, occurred between D1Mit3 and D11Rat11 (corrected p = 0.0013) and between D6Rat14 and D8Rat46 (corrected p = 0.028). These data show that remodeling of neoplastic nodules during rat hepatocarcinogenesis is under genetic control. Loci affecting remodeling map to chromosomal regions syntenic to chromosomal segments of human HCC showing structural abnormalities.

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Jun 5, 2014