Article

Two regions responsible for the actin binding of p57, a mammalian coronin family actin-binding protein.

Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Impact Factor: 1.85). 05/2003; 26(4):409-16. DOI: 10.1248/bpb.26.409
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The actin-binding protein p57, a member of the coronin protein family, is expressed in a variety of immune cells. It has five WD repeats and a coiled-coil motif containing a leucine zipper, both of which are known to mediate protein-protein interactions. In order to identify the precise actin-binding regions in p57, and to assess the contribution of these structural motifs, we prepared various truncated p57 as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase (GST) and examined their actin-binding activity. A co-sedimentation assay demonstrated that p57(1-371) (C-terminal truncated p57) had the ability to bind F-actin, but p57(372-461) (a fragment containing the coiled-coil motif) did not. A segment consisting of the N-terminal 34 amino acids of p57 (p57(1-34)) was found to bind to F-actin in the co-sedimentation assay. Furthermore, fluorescence microscopic observation showed that p57(1-34) was co-localized with F-actin in COS-1 cells after the transfection with the p57(1-34) construct. Deletion of (10)KFRHVF(15), a sequence conserved among coronin-related proteins, from p57(1-34) abolished its actin-binding activity, suggesting that this sequence with basic and hydrophobic amino acids is crucial for p57 to bind to F-actin. However, the N-terminal deletion mutant p57(63-461) retained the binding ability to F-actin. This result suggests the presence of a second actin-binding region. Further deletion analysis revealed that p57(111-204), which includes the second and third WD repeats, also exhibited weak actin-binding activity in the co-sedimentation assay. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that at least two regions within Met-1 to Asp-34 and Ile-111 to Glu-204 of p57 are responsible for its binding to the actin cytoskeleton.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
59 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dynamic rearrangement of actin filament networks is critical for cell motility, phagocytosis and endocytosis. Coronins facilitate these processes, in part, by their ability to bind F-actin (filamentous actin). We previously identified a conserved surface-exposed arginine (Arg(30)) in the β-propeller of Coronin 1B required for F-actin binding in vitro and in vivo. However, whether this finding translates to other coronins has not been well defined. Using quantitative actin-binding assays, we show that mutating the equivalent residue abolishes F-actin binding in Coronin 1A, but not Coronin 1C. By mutagenesis and biochemical competition, we have identified a second actin-binding site in the unique region of Coronin 1C. Interestingly, leading-edge localization of Coronin 1C in fibroblasts requires the conserved site in the β-propeller, but not the site in the unique region. Furthermore, in contrast with Coronin 1A and Coronin 1B, Coronin 1C displays highly co-operative binding to actin filaments. In the present study, we highlight a novel mode of coronin regulation, which has implications for how coronins orchestrate cytoskeletal dynamics.
    Biochemical Journal 02/2012; 444(1):89-96. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1, a member of the coronin protein family, is selectively expressed in hematopoietic cells and plays crucial roles in the immune response through reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. We previously reported that p57/coronin-1 is phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC), and the phosphorylation downregulates the association of this protein with actin. In this study, we analyzed the phosphorylation sites of p57/coronin-1 derived from HL60 human leukemic cells by MALDI-TOF-MS, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and Phos-tag acrylamide gel electrophoresis in combination with site-directed mutagenesis, and identified Ser-2 and Thr-412 as major phosphorylation sites. A major part of p57/coronin-1 was found as an unphosphorylated form in HL60 cells, but phosphorylation at Thr-412 of p57/coronin-1 was detected after the cells were treated with calyculin A, a Ser/Thr phosphatase inhibitor, suggesting that p57/coronin-1 undergoes constitutive turnover of phosphorylation/dephosphorylation at Thr-412. A di-phosphorylated form of p57/coronin-1 was detected after the cells were treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calyculin A. We then assessed the effects of phosphorylation at Thr-412 on the association of p57/coronin-1 with actin. A co-immunoprecipitation experiment with anti-p57/coronin-1 antibodies and HL60 cell lysates revealed that β-actin was co-precipitated with the unphosphorylated form but not with the phosphorylated form at Thr-412 of p57/coronin-1. Furthermore, the phosphorylation mimic (T412D) of p57/coronin-1 expressed in HEK293T cells exhibited lower affinity for actin than the wild-type or the unphosphorylation mimic (T412A) did. These results indicate that the constitutive turnover of phosphorylation at Thr-412 of p57/coronin-1 regulates its interaction with actin.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2012; · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CRN2 (synonyms: coronin 1C, coronin 3) functions in the re-organization of the actin network and is implicated in cellular processes like protrusion formation, secretion, migration and invasion. We demonstrate that CRN2 is a binding partner and substrate of protein kinase CK2, which phosphorylates CRN2 at S463 in its C-terminal coiled coil domain. Phosphomimetic S463D CRN2 loses the wild-type CRN2 ability to inhibit actin polymerization, to bundle F-actin, and to bind to the Arp2/3 complex. As a consequence, S463D mutant CRN2 changes the morphology of the F-actin network in the front of lamellipodia. Our data imply that CK2-dependent phosphorylation of CRN2 is involved in the modulation of the local morphology of complex actin structures and thereby inhibits cell migration.
    Scientific Reports 01/2012; 2:241. · 5.08 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
16 Downloads
Available from
May 30, 2014