Flavonoids as anticancer agents: structure-activity relationship study.
ABSTRACT The protection against some forms of cancer provided by many common foods has been observed in multiple epidemiological studies. Non-nutritive dietary compounds, such as flavonoids, have been considered as the responsible agents for such observations and since then, much research activity has been done about their potential anticancer effect. As a result, these compounds have been shown to regulate proliferation and cell death pathways leading to cancer. Thus, flavonoids such as the synthetic flavone, flavopiridol; the soy isoflavonoid, genistein; the tea catechin epigallocatechin gallate; or the common dietary flavonol, quercetin, are emerging as prospective anticancer drug candidates and some of them have already entered in clinical trials. In view of the therapeutic potential of flavonoids, many researchers have tried to elucidate possible structure-activity relationships that might lead to new drug discovery. However, and possibly due to the information being very scattered, there is very little understanding about a possible relationship between the flavonoid structure and their anticancer activity. Besides their therapeutic potential, since lots of flavonoids are present in our diet, a greater understanding of their anticancer properties might also modify our dietary habits in order to attack cancer with an effective weapon, prevention. This paper seeks to show, in a brief but comprehensive way, the anticancer properties of flavonoids. Through an understanding of the cancer process and its treatment, flavonoids are studied as possible useful compounds in cancer prevention and cancer therapy. Furthermore, this review attempts to compile and discuss the literature studying structure-activity relationships, in order to show structural requirements implicated in the anticancer activity of flavonoids, which might help to rationalize their development as antitumor agents.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, the molecular structure and vibrational and electronic transition spectra and H-1 and C-13 NMR chemical shift values (gas phase and in chloroform solvent), HOMO-LUMO analysis, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), thermodynamic properties and Mulliken atomic charges of (E)-344-(pentyloxy)phenyl]-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one molecule, C20H22O2, which has many biological activities have been calculated using the DFT/B3LYP method with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set in the ground state. The obtained results indicate a good harmony among the calculated and the experimental FT-IR, Raman, UV vis. (in methanol solvent) and H-1 and C-13 NMR (in chloroform-d solvent) spectra of the mentioned compound.Journal of Molecular Structure 10/2014; 1075:352-364. DOI:10.1016/j.molstruc.2014.07.001 · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cancer is one of the two leading human fatal diseases. Drug development for cancer intervention has progressed well in past decades yet existing drugs face many limitations in applications and effectiveness and are often associated with serious of side effects, which can further deteriorate the patients’ quality of life. Recent development of natural product based and therapeutically sound anti-cancer agents have gained popularity in the field of functional foods, in which a few have demonstrated efficacy and minimal toxicity toward the prevention and treatment of carcinogenesis. With multiple active molecular components, citrus peels and derived extracts have demonstrated potent efficacious properties against various cancers due in large part to the rich content of flavonoids present in citrus peels. This review summarizes the results of currently available data regarding the in vivo anti-cancer activity of citrus peel flavonoids, and identifies opportunities for subsequent human clinical trials to assess preventive and therapeutic effects in the near future.11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.fshw.2014.11.001
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ABSTRACT: In this retrospective study, the relationship between demographic characteristics, past medical history, general lifestyle habits and susceptibility of premature ovarian failure (POF) in Han Chinese population was investigated. Five hundred and fifty-three patients with POF and 400 women with normal ovarian function were recruited. A questionnaire was designed to gather information from responders. Logistic regression was carried out to calculate odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and P-values. History of pelvic surgery, mumps, having relatives with menstrual abnormalities and exposure to chemical agents were significantly associated with increased risk of POF (OR 5.53 [2.15 to 14.23]; 3.26 [2.38 to 4.47]; 28.12 [8.84 to 89.46]; 4.47 [2.09 to 9.58]). Vegetarian diet, tea and mineral water consumption reduced the risk of POF (OR 0.27 [0.19 to 0.37]; 0.04 [0.03 to 0.07]; 0.63 [0.47 to 0.85], respectively). Heredity, pelvic surgery, mumps and exposure to chemical agents were identified as risk factors for POF, whereas vegetarian diet, tea consumption and mineral water drinking were protective. Therefore, genetic consultation could help those women whose relatives manifested an early or premature menopause to avoid the consequences of possible premature ovarian function cessation. Avoidance of exposure to endocrine disrupters and flavonoids intake should be considered.Reproductive biomedicine online 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.12.013 · 2.98 Impact Factor