Evidence on inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by divercin V41 action.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the role of divercin V41 in inhibition and prevention of Listeria monocytogenes.
Carnobacterium divergens V41 deficient in bacteriocin production was isolated and characterized by enzyme-liked immunosorbent assay, multiplex polymerase chain reaction and bacteriocin diffusion test. Carnobacterium divergens V41 (divercin+) and Carnobacterium divergens V41C9 (divercin-) were grown in the presence of L. monocytogenes in smoked salmon model medium. Carnobacterium divergens V41, but not C. divergens V41C9, was able to inhibit growth of L. monocytogenes. The results indicate that inhibition of L. monocytogenes in the presence of C. divergens V41 is because of the production of divercin V41 and not to a nutritional advantage.
Carnobacterium divergens V41 may be a promising agent in food safety.
The study demonstrates a potential use of a bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria in the area food protection.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the technological behaviour (implantation and biogenic amines production) of Carnobacterium divergens V41, an anti-Listeria bacteriocin producer (divercin V41), after inoculation in cold smoked salmon (CSS). Implantation of the strain was followed by multiplex-PCR during 27 days of storage at 4 degrees C, and biogenic amines were quantified by HPLC. It was found that the strain was able to develop quite well in CSS among lactic wild flora. Divercin V41 (400 AU ml-1) was produced in CSS, and the biogenic amine content was not modified by inoculation of the bacteria. Carnobacterium divergens V41 is a safe, interesting, bioprotective agent. This strain could potentially be used for efficient prevention of L. monocytogenes growth in CSS.Journal of Applied Microbiology 02/2002; 92(4):611-7. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lactic acid bacteria produce a variety of bacteriocins that have recently come under detailed investigation. The biochemical and genetic characteristics of these antimicrobial proteins are reviewed and common elements are discussed between the different classes of bacteriocins produced by these Gram-positive bacteria.FEMS Microbiology Reviews 10/1993; 12(1-3):39-85. · 13.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Carnobacterium piscicola strain A9b isolated from cold smoked salmon inhibits growth of the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes partly due to the production of a proteinaceous compound (L. Nilsson, L. Gram, and H. H. Huss. J. Food Prot. 62:336-342, 1999). The purpose of the present study was to purify the compound and describe factors affecting its production, with particular emphasis on food-relevant factors. Amino acid sequencing showed that the compound is a class IIa bacteriocin with an N-terminal amino acid sequence identical to that of carnobacteriocin B2. The production of the bacteriocin was autoinducible, and the threshold level for induction was 9.6 x 10(-10) M. We also report, for the first time, that acetate acts as an induction factor, with a threshold concentration of 0.3 to 12 mM. Acetate could not act as an inducer during the late exponential phase of C. piscicola A9b. The induction of bacteriocin production showed a dose-dependent relationship at acetate concentrations of up to 10 to 20 mM (depending on the growth medium) and at a concentration of 1.9 x 10(-8) M for the bacteriocin itself; a saturation level of bacteriocin specific activity was reached at these concentrations of induction factors. The combined use of both inducers did not enhance the saturation level of bacteriocin production compared to that seen with the use of each inducer alone. Increasing NaCl and glucose concentrations negatively influenced the efficiency of acetate as an induction factor. Based on the results, carnobacteriocin B2 was used as an induction factor to manipulate the production of bacteriocin in cold smoked salmon juice and thus improve the ability to inhibit L. monocytogenes.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 06/2002; 68(5):2251-60. · 3.68 Impact Factor