Comparing laryngeal mask airway ProSeal and laryngeal tube.
Anesthesia & Analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.3). 06/2003; 96(5):1535; author reply 1535-6. DOI:10.1213/01.ANE.0000057765.66559.18
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ABSTRACT: We compared the laryngeal mask airway ProSeal (PLMA) and the laryngeal tube airway (LTA), two new extraglottic airway devices, with respect to: 1) insertion success rates and times, 2) efficacy of seal, 3) ventilatory variables during pressure-controlled ventilation, 4) tidal volume in different head/neck positions, and 5) airway interventional requirements. One-hundred-twenty paralyzed anesthetized ASA physical status I and II adult patients were randomly allocated to the PLMA or LTA for airway management. A standardized anesthesia protocol was followed by two anesthesiologists experienced with both devices. The criteria for an effective airway included a minimal expired tidal volume of 6 mL/kg during pressure-controlled ventilation at 17 cm H(2)O with no oropharyngeal leak or gastric insufflation. First attempt success rates at achieving an effective airway were similar (PLMA: 85%; LTA: 87%), but after 3 attempts, success was more frequent for the PLMA (100% versus 92%, P = 0.02). Effective airway time was similar. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was larger for PLMA at 50% maximal recommended cuff volume (29 +/- 7 versus 21 +/- 6 cm H(2)O, P < 0.0001), but was similar at the maximal recommended cuff volume (33 +/- 7 versus 31 +/- 8 cm H(2)O). Tidal volumes (614 +/- 173 versus 456 +/- 207 mL, P < 0.0001) were larger and ETCO(2) (33 +/- 9 versus 40 +/- 11 mm Hg, P = 0.0001) lower for the PLMA. The number of airway interventions was significantly less frequent for the PLMA. Airway obstruction was more common with the LTA. When comparing mean tidal volumes in different head/neck positions, the quality of airway was unchanged in 56 of 60 patients (93%) with the PLMA and 42 of 55 (76%) with the LTA (P = 0.01). The PLMA offers advantages over the LTA in most technical aspects of airway management in paralyzed patients undergoing pressure-controlled ventilation. IMPLICATIONS: The laryngeal mask airway ProSeal offers advantages over the laryngeal tube airway in most technical aspects of airway management in paralyzed patients undergoing pressure-controlled ventilation.Anesthesia & Analgesia 09/2002; 95(3):770-6, table of contents. · 3.30 Impact Factor
- Anesthesia & Analgesia 07/2002; 94(6):1669-70. · 3.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The laryngeal mask airway ProSeal (PLMA), a new laryngeal mask device, was compared with the laryngeal mask airway Classic (LMA) with respect to: (1) insertion success rates and times; (2) efficacy of seal; (3) fiberoptically determined anatomic position; (4) orogastric tube insertion success rates and times; (5) total intraoperative complications; and (6) postoperative sore throat in nonparalyzed adult patients undergoing general anesthesia, hypothesizing that these would be different. Three hundred eighty-four nonparalyzed anesthetized adult patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II) were randomly allocated to the PLMA or LMA for airway management. In addition, 50% of patients were randomized for orogastric tube placement. Unblinded observers collected intraoperative data, and blinded observers collected postoperative data. First-attempt insertion success rates (91 vs. 82%, P = 0.015) were higher for the LMA, but after three attempts success rates were similar (LMA, 100%; PLMA, 98%). Less time was required to achieve an effective airway with the LMA (31 +/- 30 vs. 41 +/- 49 s; P = 0.02). The PLMA formed a more effective seal (27 +/- 7 vs. 22 +/- 6 cm H2O; P < 0.0001). Fiberoptically determined anatomic position was better with the LMA (P < 0.0001). Orogastric tube insertion was more successful after two attempts (88 vs. 55%; P < 0.0001) and quicker (22 +/- 18 vs. 38 +/- 56 s) with the PLMA. During maintenance, the PLMA failed twice (leak, stridor) and the LMA failed once (laryngospasm). Total intraoperative complications were similar for both groups. The incidence of postoperative sore throat was similar. In anesthetized, nonparalyzed patients, the LMA is easier and quicker to insert, but the PLMA forms a better seal and facilitates easier and quicker orogastric tube placement. The incidence of total intraoperative complications and postoperative sore throat are similar.Anesthesiology 02/2002; 96(2):289-95. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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