Generation and characterization of recombinant single chain Fv antibody that recognizes platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha.

Thrombosis and Hemostasis Research Unit, Jiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University, Suzhou 215006, China.
Thrombosis Research (Impact Factor: 2.43). 02/2003; 109(2-3):137-44. DOI: 10.1016/S0049-3848(03)00152-X
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A recombinant single chain Fv (scFv) fragment with specific activity against platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha was developed and characterized. The scFv was generated from the SZ-2 hybridoma, which produced an anti-platelet antibody reactive to GPIbalpha. VH and VL gene segments were generated from the SZ-2 hybridoma by reverse transcribed-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). After cloning into pUCm-T vector, the DNA sequences of both VH and VL genes were analyzed from two different clones, respectively, the same results were obtained. Comparison of SZ-2 variable region to the Kabat database showed that VH belonged to the mouse Ig heavy family XV while VL belonged to the mouse Ig kappa family XXVI. For assembly of the SZ-2 scFv, VH and VL fragments were cloned into pSW1-scFv successively. The scFv was arranged in VH-VL orientation, being joined together with a 15-amino-acid (Gly(4)Ser)(3) linker. The scFv encoding sequence was amplified and cloned into pET22b vector in-frame with a pel B leader sequence to direct secretion of the protein. Escherichia coli strain BL-21(DE3)PlysS was transformed with the recombinant plasmid, and expression of the scFv was induced using isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of the recombinant antibody revealed a protein with apparent molecular weight of approximately 31,000. By comparing band intensity on a Coomassie brilliant blue-stained SDS-PAGE, the production yield of SZ-2 scFv was about 25% of the total cellular proteins. The recombinant SZ-2 scFv antibody was successfully purified using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography with a yield of 120 mg/l. The SZ-2 scFv antibody could bind to platelets demonstrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and flow cytometry. Analyzed by Western blot, it could bind to platelet GPIb. It retained the binding capacity of its parental SZ-2 monoclonal antibody (MoAb). In functional studies, SZ-2 scFv inhibited platelet agglutination and aggregation induced by ristocetin and thrombin, respectively, but had no effect on ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Therefore, SZ-2 scFv has the potential to be used as an antithrombotic agent.

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