Plasticity of protein expression during culture of fetal skin cells.
ABSTRACT In order to gain insight into the biology of fetal skin during culture, cellular proteins were studied during four culture passages (P00, P01, P04 as well as P10) using high-resolution two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry (MS). Bioinformatic analyses were focused on a region of each gel corresponding to pI between 4 and 8 and M(r) from 8000 to 35 000. In this area, 373 +/- 42 spots were detected (N = 18). Twenty-six spots presented an integrated intensity that increased in the higher passages, whereas five spots showed a progressively lower intensity in subsequent passaging. MS analysis was performed on spots that were unambiguously identified on preparative 2-D gels. Among the 26 spots showing an increased size between P00 and P10, 9 were identified, and corresponded to 3 proteins: (i) peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A (P05092; cyclophilin A or cyclosporin A-binding protein), (ii) triosephosphate isomerase (P00938), and (iii) enoyl-CoA hydratase (P30084). Among these nine identified spots, three were absent at P00, but were present at P10. They corresponded to isoforms of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase and triosephosphate isomerase, respectively. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses of the acidic isoforms of triosephosphate isomerase showed modifications of cysteine residues to cysteic acid. All these isoforms were clearly present in the skin cells of a 4-year-old child, as well as in skin cells from a 80-year-old man, at P00. These observations probably reflect either an oxidative stress related to cell culture, or, alternatively, maturation, differentiation and the aging of the cells.
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ABSTRACT: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a life-threatening complication of immunosuppression following transplantation. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and gammopathy in serum are associated with PTLD, but these two parameters have not been evaluated in parallel for their association with PTLD. We evaluated the incidence of EBV load positivity, gammopathy, and protein expression in sera from all PTLD patients diagnosed at our hospital during the past seven yr. Results were compared with those of a control group including matched transplanted patients who did not develop PTLD. Seven of 10 PTLD patients presented EBV(+) PTLD, for which five patients had detectable serum EBV DNA levels compared with none of 38 controls (RR between two groups =121, p < 0.0001). Five out of 10 patients had gammopathy at PTLD diagnosis compared with 5/38 controls (RR between two groups = 6.6, p = 0.022). Additionally, protein serum analysis by high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and image examination failed to evidence specific abnormality in patients with PTLD compared with controls. Our results confirm an association between EBV in sera and gammopathy with PTLD, and highlight the high specificity of the former analysis. Whether a combination of both analyses will improve the clinical detection of PTLD remains to be evaluated in a larger prospective cohort study.Clinical Transplantation 01/2009; 23(1):74-82. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The secretome of the pouch skin of the model marsupial the tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii has been investigated using techniques of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, in-gel trypsin digestion followed by nanoliquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Differences in the patterns of secreted proteins were observed in the female pouch at three stages of maturity - reproductively immature; reproductively mature and active and mature, postreproductively active. Skin from the underarm area of mature females had a markedly different secreted protein profile. The greatest diversity of proteins was seen in the mature reproductive pouch and from an opportunistic sample collected from the pouch another mature female marsupial, the common wombat, Vombatus ursinus. A total of 20 proteins were confidently identified from the pouch skin secretions of the tammar wallaby and wombats, whilst 20 proteins were tentatively identified. In all skin secretomes, globins were the most abundant proteins whilst the antimicrobial, dermcidin was detected in the wombat sample. Some proteins such as keratin and actin could be sourced to sloughed and degraded skin cells. A number of proteins were present at such low concentrations that confident identification was not possible. This was compounded by the lack of a comprehensive database of marsupial proteins which constrains the reliability of automated identification protocols.Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D Genomics and Proteomics 12/2007; 2(4):322-31. · 2.88 Impact Factor
- 05/2007: pages 57-99;