Synthesis of serine/alanine conjugated 3',5'-TpT.
Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, School of Life Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R. China.Nucleosides Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids (Impact Factor: 0.71). 02/2003; 22(1):63-9. DOI:10.1081/NCN-120018623
ABSTRACT Serine and alanine phosphoramidates conjugates of 3',5'-TpT 4, 5 were synthesized. The corresponding serine phosphoamidate possesses some unique properties due to the presence of the side chain hydroxyl group.
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ABSTRACT: New phosphate derivatives of the anti-HIV nucleoside analogue d4T were prepared as potential membrane-soluble prodrugs of the bioactive free nucleotide. The enhanced antiviral potency and/or reduced cytotoxicity of the derivatives leads to an increase in selectivity relative to the parent nucleoside analogue. Moreover, the derivatives appear to bypass the dependence of the nucleoside on thymidine kinase-mediated activation, retaining full activity in thymidine kinase-deficient cells. This strongly suggests the successful intracellular delivery of free nucleotides by the masked phosphate triester prodrugs. This is further confirmed by studies using radiolabeled compound which clearly demonstrate the generation of d4T mono-, di- and triphosphates from the prodrug, even in thymidine kinase-deficient cells. Moreover, we herein report the generation of a new metabolite, a partially hydrolyzed phosphate diester, alaninyl d4T monophosphate. We suggest that at least part of the antiviral action of the prodrugs derives from the intracellular generation of such novel diesters which may add considerable weight to the suggested further preclinical development of the phosphate prodrugs.Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 05/1996; 39(8):1748-53. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new acyclic nucleoside phosphonate (13) containing an adenine moiety was synthesized, which acted as an excellent inhibitor of calf mucosal adenosine deaminase. This inhibitory property allows it to exert great synergistic effect on certain antiviral agents (e.g., ara-A, 37). Phosphonate 13 was not phosphorylated by the bovine brain guanylate kinase nor by 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate synthetase. Syntheses of biologically active nucleotide phosphonate 40 and its phosphonoamidate derivative 42 were accomplished, which showed remarkable activity against herpes viruses and exhibited low host cell toxicity. 3'-Azido-nucleoside phosphonate 20 and 3'-fluoronucleoside phosphonate 32, as well as the corresponding dinucleotide analogs 47 and 48, and their respective phosphonoamidates 53-56 were also synthesized as new compounds, among which phosphonoamidates 53-56 showed potent activity against human immunodeficiency virus. Phosphonoamidates 55 and 56 bearing a methyl D-alaninate moiety exhibited less cellular toxicity than 53 and 54 bearing a methyl L-alaninate moiety. Nucleotide phosphonate 40 as well as dinucleotide phosphonates 47 and 48 were found susceptible to degradation by phosphodiesterases. Their respective phosphonoamidates 42 and 53-56, however, were completely resistant to snake venom and spleen enzymes.Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/1995; 38(23):4648-59. · 5.61 Impact Factor
- Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 02/2002; 16(20):1997-2002. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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