Article

Genetic variability in MCF-7 sublines: evidence of rapid genomic and RNA expression profile modifications.

Equipe Génome et Cancer, UMR 5535, CNRS and EMI 0229, INSERM, Centre de Recherche CRLC Val d'Aurelle, Montpellier, France.
BMC Cancer (Impact Factor: 3.33). 05/2003; 3:13. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-3-13
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Both phenotypic and cytogenetic variability have been reported for clones of breast carcinoma cell lines but have not been comprehensively studied. Despite this, cell lines such as MCF-7 cells are extensively used as model systems.
In this work we documented, using CGH and RNA expression profiles, the genetic variability at the genomic and RNA expression levels of MCF-7 cells of different origins. Eight MCF-7 sublines collected from different sources were studied as well as 3 subclones isolated from one of the sublines by limit dilution.
MCF-7 sublines showed important differences in copy number alteration (CNA) profiles. Overall numbers of events ranged from 28 to 41. Involved chromosomal regions varied greatly from a subline to another. A total of 62 chromosomal regions were affected by either gains or losses in the 11 sublines studied. We performed a phylogenetic analysis of CGH profiles using maximum parsimony in order to reconstruct the putative filiation of the 11 MCF-7 sublines. The phylogenetic tree obtained showed that the MCF-7 clade was characterized by a restricted set of 8 CNAs and that the most divergent subline occupied the position closest to the common ancestor. Expression profiles of 8 MCF-7 sublines were analyzed along with those of 19 unrelated breast cancer cell lines using home made cDNA arrays comprising 720 genes. Hierarchical clustering analysis of the expression data showed that 7/8 MCF-7 sublines were grouped forming a cluster while the remaining subline clustered with unrelated breast cancer cell lines. These data thus showed that MCF-7 sublines differed at both the genomic and phenotypic levels.
The analysis of CGH profiles of the parent subline and its three subclones supported the heteroclonal nature of MCF-7 cells. This strongly suggested that the genetic plasticity of MCF-7 cells was related to their intrinsic capacity to generate clonal heterogeneity. We propose that MCF-7, and possibly the breast tumor it was derived from, evolved in a node like pattern, rather than according to a linear progression model. Due to their capacity to undergo rapid genetic changes MCF-7 cells could represent an interesting model for genetic evolution of breast tumors.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
104 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patient derived xenografts (PDXs) are increasingly appreciated models in cancer research, particularly for preclinical testing, as they reflect the patient's tumor biology more accurately than cancer cell lines. We have established a collection of 20 breast PDXs and characterized their biological and clinical features, as well as their genetic stability. While most PDXs originated from triple negative breast cancers (70%), our collection comprised five ER+ cases (25%). Remarkably, the tumors that produced PDXs derived from a subset of aggressive breast cancers with a high proportion of grade 3 tumors and reduced recurrence-free survival. Consistent with this, we found significant differences between the transcriptomic signatures of tumors that produced a PDX (Take) and those that did not (No Take). The PDXs faithfully recapitulate the histological features of their primary tumors, and retain an excellent conservation of molecular classification assignment and Copy Number Change (CNC). Furthermore, the CNC profiles of different PDXs established from the same tumor overlap significantly. However, a small fraction of CNCs in the primary tumor that correspond to oligoclonal events were gradually lost during sequential passaging, suggesting that the PDXs’ genetic structure eventually stabilizes around a dominant clone present in the tumor of origin. Finally, de novo occurring genetic events covering up to 9% of the genome were found in only a minority of the PDXs, showing that PDXs have limited genetic instability. These data show that breast cancer PDXs represent a subset of aggressive tumors prone to relapse, and that despite of an excellent conservation of original features, they remain genetically dynamic elements.
    Molecular oncology 01/2013; · 6.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Estrogens play a key role in breast cancer, with 60-70% of the cases expressing estrogen receptors (ERs), which are encoded by the ESR1 gene. CTCFL, a paralogue of the chromatin organizer CTCF, is a potential biomarker of breast cancer, but its expression in this disease is currently controversial. A positive correlation has been reported between CTCFL and ERs in breast tumors and there also exists a coordinated interaction between CTCF and ERs in breast cancer cells. Therefore, there appears to be an association between CTCF, CTCFL and estrogens in breast cancer; however, there has been no report on the effects of estrogens on CTCF and CTCFL expression. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on the CTCF and CTCFL mRNA expression in the MCF7 breast cancer cell line. The promoter methylation status of CTCFL and data mining for estrogen response elements in promoters of the CTCF and CTCFL genes were also determined. The transcription of CTCF and CTCFL was performed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and the promoter methylation status of CTCFL was determined by methylation-specific PCR. The MCF7 cells exhibited basal transcription of CTCF, which was significantly downregulated to 0.68 by 1 μM E2; basal or E2-regulated transcription of CTCFL was not detected. Under basal conditions, the CTCFL promoter was methylated. Through data mining, an estrogen response element was identified in the CTCF promoter, but no such element was found in CTCFL. These results suggested that estrogens may modulate CTCF expression, although there was no apparent association between ERs and CTCFL.
    Biomedical reports. 01/2014; 2(1):101-104.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The identification of the etiology of breast cancer is a crucial research issue for the development of an effective preventive and treatment strategies. Researchers are exploring the possible involvement of Mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) in causing human breast cancer. Hence, it becomes very important to use a consistent positive control agent in PCR amplification based detection of MMTV - Like Sequence (MMTV-LS) in human breast cancer for accurate and reproducible results. This study was done to investigate the feasibility of using genomic DNA of MCF-7 breast cancer cells to detect MMTV-LS using PCR amplification based detection. MMTV env and SAG gene located at the 3' long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences were targeted for the PCR based detection. No amplification was observed in case of the genomic DNA of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. However, the 2.7 Kb DNA fragment comprising MMTV env and SAG LTR sequences yielded the products of desired size. From these results it can be concluded that Genomic DNA of MCF-7 cell is not a suitable choice as positive control for PCR or RT-RCR based detection of MMTV-LS. It is also suggested that plasmids containing the cloned genes or sequences of MMTV be used as positive control for detection of MMTV-LS.
    Journal of virological methods 07/2013; · 2.13 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
29 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014