A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of sugar beet and a physical map of the region encompassing the bolting gene B.
ABSTRACT In sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), early bolting is caused by a single dominant gene, designated B. Twenty AFLP markers selected from a 7.8-cM segment of the B region on chromosome 2 were used to screen a YAC library, and a first-generation physical map including the B gene, made up of 11 YACs, was established. Because the genome coverage of the YAC library was low, a BAC library was constructed in the vector pBeloBAC11. This library consists of 57,600 clones with an average insert size of 116 kb, corresponding to 8.8 genome equivalents. Screening of the BAC library with chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA probes indicated that less than 0.1% of the clones contained organelle-derived DNA. To fill the gaps in the physical map around the B gene, the BAC library was screened with four AFLP markers and 10 YAC-derived probes. In total, 54 different BACs were identified. Overlaps between BACs were detected by using BAC termini amplified by PCR as probes, and by RFLP fingerprinting. In this way, a minimal tiling path of the central 4.6-cM region was constructed, which consists of 14 BACs. The B locus was localized to a 360-kb contig, a size which makes positional cloning of the gene feasible.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We constructed a genomic DNA library for Lipotes vexillifer (L. vexillifer), the Baiji or Yangtze River dolphin, one of the most endangered mammals in the world. The library consists of 149,000 BAC clones, with an average insert size of 83 kb, representing approximately 3.4 haploid genome equivalents. PCR amplification of four known L. vexillifer genes yielded two to four positive clones each. To demonstrate the utility of this library, we isolated and sequenced the L. vexillifer alpha lactalbumin gene, which is a gene specific to mammals and one which has been widely used as molecular tool in phylogenetic analysis. We also end-sequenced 20 randomly selected clones, resulting in the identification of at least five new L. vexillifer genes, five SSR loci, and one SINE locus. These results suggest that this library is a valuable resource for candidate gene cloning, physical mapping, and genome sequencing of this important and threatened species.ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE 05/2007; 24(4):401-7. · 0.95 Impact Factor