Prognostic significance of free radicals: mediated injury occurring in the kidney donor.
ABSTRACT Brain death is associated with hemodynamic disturbances in systemic circulation and metabolic storm, and, thus, free radical-mediated injury to donor tissues was hypothesized. An assessment of oxidative stress in the donor and its effect on posttransplant kidney graft function comprised the scope of the study.
A prospective study was performed in 27 donors and 50 kidney transplant recipients. Sera from 27 brain-dead organ donors and preservation media were tested for malondialdehyde (MDA) and for total antioxidant status (TAS). Kidneys were preserved in University of Wisconsin-gluconate solution with machine perfusion. Mean ischemia time was 36.7+/-8 hours. Organs were transplanted to recipients on the Polish National Waiting List and posttransplant kidney function was monitored periodically. Posttransplant delayed graft function (DF) was diagnosed when a patient required at least one dialysis within first week after transplantation. Acute rejection was diagnosed clinically and confirmed with fine-needle biopsy if necessary.
Thirty-two recipients had immediate graft function (IF), and 18 suffered from DF. MDA level in preservation solution at the end of machine perfusion was significantly higher in the DF group (52.6+/-31 vs. 25.3+/-19 micromol/L) whereas donor TAS activity was lower (1.14+/-0.2 vs. 0.97+/-0.3 mmol/mL). Patients who suffered from acute rejection received kidneys from donors with significantly higher serum MDA (66+/-73 micromol/ml vs. 23+/-49 for patients without rejection). Serum creatinine 12 to 48 months after transplantation correlated to donor- and preservation-solution MDA (P<0.006).
Free-radical mediated injury occurring in the donor and during preservation is strictly correlated with immediate and long-term kidney function. It may also cause grafts to be prone to acute rejection.
Article: Association between the perioperative antioxidative ability of platelets and early post-transplant function of kidney allografts: a pilot study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that the actions of platelets may unfavorably influence post-transplant function of organ allografts. In this study, the association between post-transplant graft function and the perioperative activity of platelet antioxidants was examined among kidney recipients divided into early (EGF), slow (SGF), and delayed graft function (DGF) groups. Activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6P) were determined and levels of glutathione, oxidized glutathione, and isoprostane were measured in blood samples collected immediately before and during the first and fifth minutes of renal allograft reperfusion. Our results demonstrated a significant increase in isoprostane levels in all groups. Interestingly, in DGF patients, significantly lower levels of perioperative activity of catalase (p<0.02) and GST (p<0.02) were observed. Moreover, in our study, the activity of platelet antioxidants was associated with intensity of perioperative oxidative stress. For discriminating SGF/DGF from EGF, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of platelet antioxidants were 81-91%, 50-58%, 32-37%, and 90-90.5%, respectively. During renal transplantation, significant changes occur in the activity of platelet antioxidants. These changes seem to be associated with post-transplant graft function and can be potentially used to differentiate between EGF and SGF/DGF. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to reveal the potential protective role of platelets in the human transplantation setting.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(1):e29779. · 4.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for end stage liver disease and is often used for primary liver malignancies. The main limitation of its wider application is the availability of suitable donor organs. The use of marginal donor organs, split-liver transplantation and living-related liver transplantation techniques contribute to increase the donor pool. However, the use of these techniques is associated with a higher risk of post transplantation organ dysfunction, predominantly due to ischaemia, preservation and reperfusion injury (IPRI). A number of studies have demonstrated that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy influences IPRI and consequential acute cellular rejection. This article reviews the rationale of HBO therapy in the field of transplantation with particular emphasis on liver transplantation.HPB 02/2007; 9(3):174-82. · 1.60 Impact Factor