A Brief History of Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Approaches to Sexual Offenders: Part 1. Early Developments
ABSTRACT This is the first of two papers which briefly outline the development of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatment of sexual offenders from the mid-1800s to 1969. We first consider the historic role of Sigmund Freud and note that a broad scientific interest in deviant sexual behaviour was well established by 1900. In the early to mid-20th century, two psychologies were prominent in the development of behaviorial approaches, those of John B. Watson and Alfred Kinsey. Behavior therapy for a variety of problems emerged in the 1950s and soon found application to deviant sexuality. The development of penile plethysmography helped to focus interest on deviant sexual preference and behavior. While nonbehavioral approaches to sexual offenders paralleled these developments, a combination of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatments began to emerge in the late 1960s which ultimately developed into the approaches more commonly seen today.
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ABSTRACT: This chapter proposes a prospective view on using a real-time functional magnetic imaging (rt-fMRI) brain-computer interface (BCI) application as a new treatment for pedophilia. Neurofeedback mediated by interactive virtual stimuli is presented as the key process in this new BCI application. Results on the diagnostic discriminant power of virtual characters depicting sexual stimuli relevant to pedophilia are given. Finally, practical and ethical implications are briefly addressed.Progress in brain research 01/2011; 192:263-72. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-444-53355-5.00014-2 · 5.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this article, current methods of conceptualizing and treating adult sexual offending are reviewed. First, the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) approach to sex offender management is presented and critiqued. Then, the newer Good Lives Model is discussed and contrasted with the aforementioned RNR approach. The discussion of these approaches to sex offender management and rehabilitation is followed by a review of those cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques used to treat risk factors associated with sex offending, as such techniques are employed in both paradigms. Finally, research regarding the efficacy of using CBT techniques to treat sex offending behavior is presented, and future directions for sex offender treatment and management are discussed.Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 04/2010; 24(2):92-103. DOI:10.1891/0889-83184.108.40.206
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ABSTRACT: In this study, the relationship between situational/developmental factors and the use of violence during sexual offenses is investigated. A sample of 293 adolescent sex offenders in treatment was used for that purpose. Official sources of information were used to collect data (i.e., police records, victim statements, psychological assessments, etc). Results indicate that the age of the victim and the presence of deviant sexual fantasies were found to be related to the use of physical force during sexual offences against children. Age of onset, childhood sexual victimization, and negative affects were found to be associated with the use of physical force during sexual offenses perpetrated against an adolescent or adult female. To better understand the development of sexual offending, future studies should examine other criminal career activity parameters Yes Yes