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A Brief History of Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Approaches to Sexual Offenders: Part 1. Early Developments

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Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment (Impact Factor: 2.28). 05/2003; 15(2):75-92. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022325231175
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This is the first of two papers which briefly outline the development of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatment of sexual offenders from the mid-1800s to 1969. We first consider the historic role of Sigmund Freud and note that a broad scientific interest in deviant sexual behaviour was well established by 1900. In the early to mid-20th century, two psychologies were prominent in the development of behaviorial approaches, those of John B. Watson and Alfred Kinsey. Behavior therapy for a variety of problems emerged in the 1950s and soon found application to deviant sexuality. The development of penile plethysmography helped to focus interest on deviant sexual preference and behavior. While nonbehavioral approaches to sexual offenders paralleled these developments, a combination of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatments began to emerge in the late 1960s which ultimately developed into the approaches more commonly seen today.

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    • "Volumetric penile plethysmography (PPG) measures variations of blood volume in the penis and is used particularly to assess sexual arousal (Freund, 1965; Laws and Marshall, 2003). Volumetric PPG components consist of a glass cylinder that fits over the penis and an inflatable cuff installed at the base of the penis to isolate the air inside .R. the cylinder from the outside atmosphere (Stoleru et al., 1999). "
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    • "CBT as a treatment for sex offenders has enjoyed a long history. Attempts at treating sexually deviant behavior have been documented since the late 19th century, when ideas about sexual deviance and its treatment emerged from both the psychoanalytic and behaviorist schools (Laws & Marshall, 2003). Today, though some treatment programs still use psychoanalytic techniques (e.g., insight-oriented approaches; Losel & Schmucker, 2005), CBT has become the most commonly used therapeutic modality in the treatment of sexual offenders (Losel & Schmucker, 2005). "
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    Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 04/2010; 24(2):92-103. DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.24.2.92
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