A Brief History of Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Approaches to Sexual Offenders: Part 1. Early Developments

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Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment (Impact Factor: 2.28). 05/2003; 15(2):75-92. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022325231175
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This is the first of two papers which briefly outline the development of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatment of sexual offenders from the mid-1800s to 1969. We first consider the historic role of Sigmund Freud and note that a broad scientific interest in deviant sexual behaviour was well established by 1900. In the early to mid-20th century, two psychologies were prominent in the development of behaviorial approaches, those of John B. Watson and Alfred Kinsey. Behavior therapy for a variety of problems emerged in the 1950s and soon found application to deviant sexuality. The development of penile plethysmography helped to focus interest on deviant sexual preference and behavior. While nonbehavioral approaches to sexual offenders paralleled these developments, a combination of behavioral and cognitive behavioral treatments began to emerge in the late 1960s which ultimately developed into the approaches more commonly seen today.

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    • "Volumetric penile plethysmography (PPG) measures variations of blood volume in the penis and is used particularly to assess sexual arousal (Freund, 1965; Laws and Marshall, 2003). Volumetric PPG components consist of a glass cylinder that fits over the penis and an inflatable cuff installed at the base of the penis to isolate the air inside .R. the cylinder from the outside atmosphere (Stoleru et al., 1999). "
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    ABSTRACT: This chapter proposes a prospective view on using a real-time functional magnetic imaging (rt-fMRI) brain-computer interface (BCI) application as a new treatment for pedophilia. Neurofeedback mediated by interactive virtual stimuli is presented as the key process in this new BCI application. Results on the diagnostic discriminant power of virtual characters depicting sexual stimuli relevant to pedophilia are given. Finally, practical and ethical implications are briefly addressed.
    Progress in brain research 01/2011; 192:263-72. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-444-53355-5.00014-2 · 5.10 Impact Factor
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    • "CBT as a treatment for sex offenders has enjoyed a long history. Attempts at treating sexually deviant behavior have been documented since the late 19th century, when ideas about sexual deviance and its treatment emerged from both the psychoanalytic and behaviorist schools (Laws & Marshall, 2003). Today, though some treatment programs still use psychoanalytic techniques (e.g., insight-oriented approaches; Losel & Schmucker, 2005), CBT has become the most commonly used therapeutic modality in the treatment of sexual offenders (Losel & Schmucker, 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, current methods of conceptualizing and treating adult sexual offending are reviewed. First, the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) approach to sex offender management is presented and critiqued. Then, the newer Good Lives Model is discussed and contrasted with the aforementioned RNR approach. The discussion of these approaches to sex offender management and rehabilitation is followed by a review of those cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques used to treat risk factors associated with sex offending, as such techniques are employed in both paradigms. Finally, research regarding the efficacy of using CBT techniques to treat sex offending behavior is presented, and future directions for sex offender treatment and management are discussed.
    Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 04/2010; 24(2):92-103. DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.24.2.92
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