Preparative isolation and purification of two isoflavones from Astragalus membranaceus Bge. var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
ABSTRACT Two isoflavones, calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glycoside and formononetin-7-O-beta-D-glycoside, were separated from n-butanol extract of the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bge. var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao by high-speed counter-current chromatography in two steps using two different solvent systems composed of ethyl acetate-ethanol-n-butanol-water (30:10:6:50, v/v) and ethyl acetate-ethanol-water (5:1:5, v/v). From 200 mg of crude extract, calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glycoside (12 mg) and formononetin-7-O-beta-D-glycoside (10 mg) were isolated at over 95% purity by HPLC analyses, and their structures were identified by MS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR.
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ABSTRACT: In the continued research on natural fungicides for control of plant diseases by using plant-derived products, we found that Spatholobus suberectus Dunn had a strong fungicidal activity against several plant pathogens. S. suberectus (1 kg) was extracted with 80% aqueous MeOH and then the concentrated extract was partitioned with n-hexane, EtOAc, n-BuOH and successively. The four layers were tested their disease contron efficacies against 6 plant diseases such as rice blast (RCB), rice sheath blight (RSB), tomato grey mold (TGM), tomato late blight (TLB), wheat leaf rust (WLR), and barley powdery mildew (BPM). The EtOAc fraction was highly active showing over 80% control against RCB, TGM, TLB, and BPM. By using silica gel chromatography, preparative TLC and HPLC, six compounds that were expected to have antifungal activity were separated. Their chemical structures were identified as ethanone, hydroxytyrosol, epicatechin, procyanidin B2, dimethoxy daizein and formononetin by ESI-MS, -NMR, -NMR, and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analyses. The chemicals except epicatechin were first reported in S. suberectus. Study on in vitro and in vivo antifungal activities of the isolated compounds is in progress.The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science. 09/2012; 16(3).
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ABSTRACT: Radix Astragali is a popular herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for its proimmune and antidiabetic properties. However, methods are needed to help distinguish Radix Astragali from its varied adulterants. DNA barcoding is a widely applicable molecular method used to identify medicinal plants. Yet, its use has been hampered by genetic distance, base variation, and limitations of the bio-NJ tree. Herein, we report the validation of an integrated analysis method for plant species identification using DNA barcoding that focuses on genetic distance, identification efficiency, inter- and intraspecific variation, and barcoding gap. We collected 478 sequences from six candidate DNA barcodes (ITS2, ITS, psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, and COI) from 29 species of Radix Astragali and adulterants. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence was demonstrated as the optimal barcode for identifying Radix Astragali and its adulterants. This new analysis method is helpful in identifying Radix Astragali and expedites the utilization and data mining of DNA barcoding.Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2014; 2014:843923. · 2.18 Impact Factor