A fluorescence microscopy method for quantifying levels of prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase-1 and CD-41 in MEG-01 cells

Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa. Canada.
Biological Procedures Online (Impact Factor: 1.79). 01/2002; 3:54-63. DOI: 10.1251/bpo23
Source: PubMed


In platelets, PGHS-1-dependant formation of thromboxane A(2) is an important modulator of platelet function and a target for pharmacological inhibition of platelet function by aspirin. Since platelets are a-nucleated cells, we have used the immortalized human megakaryoblastic cell line MEG-01 which can be induced to differentiate into platelet-like structures upon addition of TPA as a model system to study PGHS-1 gene expression. Using a specific antibody to PGHS-1 we have developed a technique utilizing immunofluorescence microscopy and analysis of multiple digital images to monitor PGHS-1 protein levels as MEG-01 cells were induced to differentiate by a single addition of TPA (1.6 x 10(-8) M) over a period of 8 days. The method represents a rapid and economical alternative to flow cytometry. Using this technique we observed that TPA induced adherence of MEG-01 cells, and only the non-adherent TPA-stimulated cells demonstrated compromised viability. The differentiation of MEG-01 cells was evaluated by the expression of the platelet-specific cell surface antigen, CD-41. The latter was expressed in MEG-01 cells at the later stages of differentiation. We demonstrated a good correlation between PGHS-1 levels and the overall level of cellular differentiation of MEG-01 cells. Furthermore, PGHS-1 protein level, which shows a consistent increase over the entire course of differentiation, can be used as an additional and better index by which to monitor megakaryocyte differentiation.

Download full-text


Available from: Cameron Mroske,
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thrombocytopenia is a critical problem that occurs in many hematologic diseases, as well as after cancer therapy and radiation exposure. Platelet transfusion is the most commonly used therapy but has limitations of alloimmunization, availability, and expense. Thus, the development of safe, small, molecules to enhance platelet production would be advantageous for the treatment of thrombocytopenia. Herein, we report that an important lipid mediator and a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligand called 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14) prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), increases Meg-01 maturation and platelet production. 15d-PGJ(2) also promotes platelet formation from culture-derived mouse and human megakaryocytes and accelerates platelet recovery after in vivo radiation-induced bone marrow injury. Interestingly, the platelet-enhancing effects of 15d-PGJ(2) in Meg-01 cells are independent of PPARgamma, but dependent on reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation; treatment with antioxidants such as glutathione ethyl ester (GSH-EE); or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) attenuate 15d-PGJ(2)-induced platelet production. Collectively, these data support the concept that megakaryocyte redox status plays an important role in platelet generation and that small electrophilic molecules may have clinical efficacy for improving platelet numbers in thrombocytopenic patients.
    Blood 09/2008; 112(10):4051-60. DOI:10.1182/blood-2008-05-158535 · 10.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platelet production is an intricate process that is poorly understood. Recently, we demonstrated that the natural peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligand, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14) prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), augments platelet numbers by increasing platelet release from megakaryocytes through the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). 15d-PGJ(2) can exert effects independent of PPARgamma, such as increasing oxidative stress. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a potent antioxidant and may influence platelet production. To further investigate the influence of 15d-PGJ(2) on megakaryocytes and to understand whether HO-1 plays a role in platelet production. Meg-01 cells (a primary megakaryoblastic cell line) and primary human megakaryocytes derived from cord blood were used to examine the effects of 15d-PGJ(2) on HO-1 expression in megakaryocytes and their daughter platelets. The role of HO-1 activity in thrombopoiesis was studied using established in vitro models of platelet production. 15d-PGJ(2) potently induced HO-1 protein expression in Meg-01 cells and primary human megakaryocytes. The platelets produced from these megakaryocytes also expressed elevated levels of HO-1. 15d-PGJ(2)-induced HO-1 was independent of PPARgamma, but could be replicated using other electrophilic prostaglandins, suggesting that the electrophilic properties of 15d-PGJ(2) were important for HO-1 induction. Interestingly, inhibiting HO-1 activity enhanced ROS generation and augmented 15d-PGJ(2)-induced platelet production, which could be attenuated by antioxidants. These new data reveal that HO-1 negatively regulates thrombopoiesis by inhibiting ROS.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 11/2008; 7(1):182-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2008.03191.x · 5.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) has been found altered in platelets of patients with genetically complex disorders, including mood-anxiety, pain and eating disorders. In this study, we used cell cultures of platelet precursors as models of investigation on mechanisms of SERT regulation: SERT expression was appraised during megakaryocytic differentiation of human megakaryoblastic MEG-01 cells. Cells were cultured for 8 days with 10(-7)M 4-beta-12-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (beta-TPA) in the presence of 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and SERT was assessed by real time PCR, immunofluorescence microscopy, Western blot and [(3)H]5-HT re-uptake. Results revealed that SERT is present in control-untreated MEG-01 cells. beta-TPA-differentiating MEG-01 cells showed a redistribution of SERT fluorescence, diffuse to cell bodies and blebs along with a 3-fold SERT mRNA increase and a moderate raise in SERT protein (1.5/1.4-fold) by immunoblot and re-uptake assays. In summary, we have shown herein that control megakaryoblasts express the SERT protein. SERT is modulated by differentiation events, implying that SERT density in platelets is under the control of megakaryocytopoiesis stages. Differentiation of MEG-01 cells can provide considerable insight into interactions between SERT genetics, transmitter-hormonal/homeostatic mechanisms and signaling pathways.
    Neurochemical Research 04/2010; 35(4):628-35. DOI:10.1007/s11064-009-0112-8 · 2.59 Impact Factor
Show more