Persistent fetal occiput posterior position: obstetric outcomes.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the obstetric outcomes associated with persistent occiput posterior position of the fetal head in term laboring patients.
We performed a cohort study of 6434 consecutive, term, vertex, laboring nulliparous and multiparous patients, comparing those who delivered infants in the occiput posterior position with those who delivered in the occiput anterior position. We examined maternal demographics, labor and delivery characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes.
The prevalence of persistent occiput posterior position at delivery was 5.5% overall, 7.2% in nulliparas, and 4.0% in multiparas (P <.001). Persistent occiput posterior position was associated with shorter maternal stature and prior cesarean delivery. During labor and delivery, the occiput posterior position was associated with prolonged first and second stages of labor, oxytocin augmentation, use of epidural analgesia, chorioamnionitis, assisted vaginal delivery, third and fourth degree perineal lacerations, cesarean delivery, excessive blood loss, and postpartum infection. Newborns had lower 1-minute Apgar scores, but showed no differences in 5-minute Apgar scores, gestational age, or birth weight.
Persistent occiput posterior position is associated with a higher rate of complications during labor and delivery. In our population, the chances that a laboring woman with persistent occiput posterior position will have a spontaneous vaginal delivery are only 26% for nulliparas and 57% for multiparas.
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ABSTRACT: To assess the effect of a policy of manual rotation on the mode of delivery of fetuses in posterior or transverse positions at full dilatation. This was a prospective study to compare two policies of management for posterior and transverse positions in two different hospitals (Hospital 1: no manual rotation and Hospital 2: manual rotation). We used univariable and multivariable analyses to study the association between the management policy for posterior and transverse positions at full dilatation in these hospitals and maternal and neonatal outcomes. The principal end point was operative delivery (ie, cesarean or instrumental vaginal delivery). All factors associated with the risk of operative delivery in the univariable analysis (P<.1) were included in the logistic regression models. We then specifically studied whether manual rotation was independently associated with a reduction in operative deliveries. The rate of posterior or transverse positions at full dilatation was 15.9% (n=111) in Hospital 1 and 15.3% (n=220) in Hospital 2 (P=.75). Of the 172 attempts of manual rotation in Hospital 2, 155 (90.1%) were successful. The rate of operative delivery was significantly lower in Hospital 2, which performed manual rotations (23.2% compared with 38.7% in Hospital 1, adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28-0.95). After multivariable analysis, manual rotation remained significantly associated with a reduction in the risk of operative delivery (adjusted OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.25-0.85). Five-minute Apgar score and arterial pH at birth were similar in the two hospitals. For fetuses in posterior or transverse positions at full dilatation, a strategy of manual rotation is associated with a reduction in the rate of operative delivery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: III.Obstetrics and Gynecology 08/2013; · 4.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: To determine the difference in the rates of severe perineal lacerations between forceps-assisted vaginal deliveries in the occiput-posterior position compared with forceps-assisted vaginal deliveries in which the fetal head was rotated to occiput-anterior before delivery. METHODS:: We studied a retrospective cohort of 148 women who had a forceps-assisted vaginal delivery from 2008 to 2011 at the University of Pittsburgh. Mild perineal lacerations were defined as first or second degree, and severe lacerations were defined as third or fourth degree. χ and t tests were used for bivariate and logistic regression was used for multivariable analyses. P<.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS:: Of 148 forceps-assisted deliveries, 81 delivered occiput-anterior after either manual or forceps rotation, 10 delivered in the occiput-posterior or occiput-transverse position after an unsuccessful rotation, and 57 delivered occiput-posterior without attempted rotation. No significant differences were found among demographic, obstetric, and neonatal characteristics of the groups. Overall, 86 (67.7%) women had mild lacerations and 41 (32.3%) had severe lacerations. A significantly greater rate of severe perineal lacerations was found in the occiput-posterior nonrotated compared with the rotated group (43.4% compared with 24.3%; P=.02). In multivariable analyses, adjusted for age, race, insurance, body mass index, gestational age, parity, episiotomy, and birth weight, forceps-assisted vaginal delivery in the occiput-posterior position without rotation remained significantly more likely to be associated with severe lacerations (odds ratio 3.67, 95% confidence interval 1.42-9.47). CONCLUSION:: Forceps-assisted vaginal delivery after rotation of an occiput-posterior position to an occiput-anterior position is associated with less severe maternal perineal trauma than forceps-assisted delivery in the occiput-posterior position. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: II.Obstetrics and Gynecology 06/2013; · 4.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of occipito-posterior position in the second stage of labour on operative delivery. METHODS: Double-blinded prospective cohort study of ultrasound determined occiput-posterior position during the second stage of labour compared with occiput-anterior position. The primary outcome was operative (caesarean section, forceps or vacuum) delivery. RESULTS: A total of 68% (13/19) women in the occiput-posterior group, and 27% (39/141) in the occiput-anterior group had an operative delivery (unadjusted: P < 0.001). Caesarean section was performed in 37% and 5%, respectively (P < 0.001). The occiput-posterior group had a longer second stage (mean 2 h 59 minutes vs 1 h 54 minutes; P = 0.001) and larger infants (mean 3723 g vs 3480 g, P = 0.024). In the logistic regression, occiput-posterior position, nulliparity, abnormal second stage cardiotocograph and epidural analgesia were independent predictors for operative delivery. CONCLUSIONS: Occiput-posterior position early in the second stage of labour is strongly associated with operative delivery. There is potential to explore interventions such as manual rotation.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 01/2013; · 1.30 Impact Factor