Suicide trends in Singapore: two decades down the road.
ABSTRACT In this study, recent trends in the incidence and methods of suicide in Singapore, over the period 1991-2000, were compared with the results of a previous study covering the period 1975-1984 (Tan, 1986). The present study included a total of 3,834 suicidal deaths reported to the coroner and investigated by the Centre for Forensic Medicine of the Health Sciences Authority. The results showed that the crude suicide rate had stabilised over the last decade and that the rate was highest among elderly males. The three most common methods employed were falls from a height (69.3%), hanging (20.7%) and poisoning (5.5%). Comparison of the results of both studies showed that the crude suicide rate had stabilised over the last two decades. However, there was an increase in the suicide rates among males, as compared with the previous study, and a marginal decrease in suicide rates among females over this time. There was also an appreciable change in the methods of suicide employed, in that there was an increase in the proportion of deaths due to falls from a height and corresponding reductions in the proportions of deaths by hanging and poisoning.