Determination of antiviral efficacy against lymphotropic herpesviruses utilizing flow cytometry
ABSTRACT Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpesvirus type 6 (HHV-6), and human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) comprise a group of lymphotropic herpesviruses which are responsible for a wide range of diseases, including lymphoproliferative disorders and tumors. We have developed several flow cytometric assay (FACS) systems to evaluate antiviral efficacy against EBV, HHV-6 and HHV-8. Assays using either EBV or HHV-8, members of the gammaherpesvirus subfamily, have shown that while EBV responds well to acyclovir (ACV), HHV-8 was most sensitive to cidofovir (CDV). Since HHV-6 strains are divided into two sub-groups, A and B, we evaluated antiviral efficacy for strains from each group. The group A strain, HHV-6(GS), was inhibited by foscarnet (PFA), CDV and ganciclovir (GCV) in both Sup-T1 and HSB-2 cell lines. HHV-6(Z-29), a representative group B virus, was inhibited by GCV and CDV but not by PFA. Our findings indicate that flow cytometry can be utilized to efficiently evaluate new antiviral agents against lymphotropic herpesviruses and that the results are comparable to those obtained by other methods such as immunofluorescence.
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ABSTRACT: Viral infections remain important causes of morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients. More recent developments in preparative regimens and graft manipulations, as well as the control of well-recognized post-transplant infections by the introduction of prophylaxis and preemptive strategies, have influenced the timing and the epidemiology of infections. As new pathogens, such as human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human bocavirus, human coronaviruses HCoV-NL63 and HCoV-HKU1, human herpesviruses HHV-6 and HHV-7, and polyomaviruses, have emerged, it is fundamental to determine the significance of the newly discovered viruses and their role in the transplantation field. This article summarizes recent data on epidemiology and laboratory diagnosis of new pathogens, as well as clinical features and management of the associated infectious complications. J. Med. Virol. 82:528-538, 2010. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.Journal of Medical Virology 03/2010; 82(3):528-38. DOI:10.1002/jmv.21696 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is a need for additional therapies for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections, but the routine screening of large numbers of potential inhibitors has been difficult due to the laborious nature of traditional assays. A new rapid assay was developed to evaluate compounds for antiviral activity against this virus that is both rapid and robust. Test compounds are added to cultures of Akata cells in 96-well plates that have been induced to undergo a lytic infection. Viral DNA produced during the infection is transferred to a membrane and quantified using a non-radioactive DNA hybridization assay. This assay was validated using a set of compounds with known activity against EBV and results compared favorably to an established real-time PCR assay. Subsequent experience with this assay has confirmed that it offers improved efficiency and robustness compared to other assays used routinely to evaluate candidate compounds for antiviral activity against EBV.Journal of Virological Methods 10/2007; 144(1-2):86-90. DOI:10.1016/j.jviromet.2007.04.001 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A simple and sensitive fluorimetric method for determination of antiviral drugs: ribavirin, acyclovir, and amantadine hydrochloride has been developed. The method was based on the oxidation of these drugs by cerium(IV) in presence of perchloric acid and subsequent monitoring the fluorescence of the induced cerium(III) at lambdaexcitation 255 and lambdaemission 355 nm. Different variables affecting the reaction conditions such as the concentrations of cerium(IV), type and concentration of acid medium, reaction time, temperature, and the diluting solvents were carefully studied and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, linear relationships with good correlation coefficients (0.9978-0.9996) were found between the relative fluorescence intensity and the concentrations of the investigated drugs in the range of 50-1400 ng ml-1. The assay limits of detection and quantitation were 20-49, and 62-160 ng ml-1, respectively. The precision of the method was satisfactory; the values of relative standard deviations did not exceed 1.58%. No interference could be observed from the excipients commonly present in dosage forms. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of the investigated drugs in pure and pharmaceutical dosage forms with good accuracy and precision; the recovery percentages ranged from 99.2 to 101.2+/-0.48-1.30%. The results obtained by the proposed fluorimetric method were comparable with those obtained by the official method stated in the United States Pharmacopoeia.Il Farmaco 06/2005; 60(6-7):555-62. DOI:10.1016/j.farmac.2005.04.003