Modulation of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance by flavonoid derivatives and analogues.
ABSTRACT Flavonoid derivatives were synthesized and tested for their ability to modulate P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in vitro. These compounds belong to various flavonoid subclasses, namely: chromones, azaisoflavones, and aurones. Among the investigated compounds, three showed potent reversing activity. 2-(4-methylpiperazin-1-ylcarbonyl)-5-hydroxychromone (4a), 5,7-dimethoxy-3-phenyl-4-quinolone (5), and 4,6-dimethoxyaurone (6) potentiated daunorubicin cytotoxicity on resistant K562 cells. They were also able to increase the intracellular accumulation of rhodamine-123, a fluorescent molecule which acts as a probe of P-glycoprotein-mediated MDR. This suggests that these compounds act, at least in part, by inhibiting P-glycoprotein activity. The most active compound, 5-hydroxy-2-(4-methylpiperazin-1-ylcarbonyl)chromone (4a) was found to be a powerful reversal agent, more potent than cyclosporin A, used as the reference molecule. No effect was observed on MRP transport nor on cell proliferation. Little apoptosis was induced on K562S cells with 4a compared to K562R, probably due to the extrusion of the compound by Pgp.
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ABSTRACT: Methuosis is a novel caspase-independent form of cell death in which massive accumulation of vacuoles derived from macropinosomes ultimately causes cells to detach from the substratum and rupture. We recently described a chalcone-like compound, 3-(2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (i.e., MIPP), which can induce methuosis in glioblastoma and other types of cancer cells. Herein, we describe the synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a directed library of related compounds, providing insights into the contributions of the two aryl ring systems and highlighting a potent derivative, 3-(5-methoxy, 2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (i.e., MOMIPP) that can induce methuosis at low micromolar concentrations. We have also generated biologically active azide derivatives that may be useful for future studies aimed at identifying the protein targets of MOMIPP by photoaffinity labeling techniques. The potential significance of these studies is underscored by the finding that MOMIPP effectively reduces the growth and viability of Temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma and doxorubicin-resistant breast cancer cells. Thus, it may serve as a prototype for drugs that could be used to trigger death by methuosis in cancers that are resistant to conventional forms of cell death (e.g., apoptosis).Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/2012; 55(5):1940-56. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Due to their role in the metabolism of monoamine neurotransmitters, MAO-A and MAO-B present a significant pharmacological interest. For instance the inhibitors of human MAO-B are considered useful tools for the treatment of Parkinson Disease. Therefore, the rational design and synthesis of new MAOs inhibitors is considered of great importance for the development of new and more effective treatments of Parkinson Disease. In this work, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) has been developed to predict the human MAO inhibitory activity and selectivity. The first step was the selection of a suitable dataset of heterocyclic compounds that include chromones, coumarins, chalcones, thiazolylhydrazones, etc. These compounds were previously synthesized in one of our laboratories, or elsewhere, and their activities measured by the same assays and for the same laboratory staff. Applying linear discriminant analysis to data derived from a variety of molecular representations and feature selection algorithms, reliable QSAR models were built which could be used to predict for test compounds the inhibitory activity and selectivity toward human MAO. This work also showed how several QSAR models can be combined to make better predictions. The final models exhibit significant statistics, interpretability, as well as displaying predictive power on an external validation set made up of chromone derivatives with unknown activity (that are being reported here for first time) synthesized by our group, and coumarins recently reported in the literature.European journal of medicinal chemistry 11/2012; 59C:75-90. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new series of six chromone-derived compounds and their Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by their physical, spectral and analytical data. The ligands and their Cu(II) complexes were screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against four Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Shigella flexneri) and two Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) bacterial strains by agar-well diffusion method. The ligands were found to exhibit either no or low-to-moderate activities against one or more bacterial species whereas, the Cu(II) complexes exhibited moderate-to-high activity. The ligands which were inactive before complexation became active upon complexation with the Cu(II) metal ion and less active became more active.Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry 06/2011; 27(2):223-31. · 1.50 Impact Factor